600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations

This period lays the foundation for much of civilization as we know it today. The classical Greeks lay the cultural foundation for Western civilization. The Achaemenid Persians under Cyrus unify much of the Middle East and Egypt. Alexander the Great unifies Greece with Persia. Later, the Roman Empire dominates the Mediterranean and Europe.
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This tutorial attempts to give a very high level view of the civilizations that emerge in the period around 600 BCE.

Starting as a small kingdom city-state on the Italian peninsula before the 8th century BCE, Rome grows first into a republic that dominates the Mediterranean and Europe and lays the foundation for Western Civilization.

A survey of the Roman Empire from Augustus and Pax Romana to the fall of the Western Roman Empire 500 years later.

Judaism is the basis of the religious beliefs of roughly half the world's population (Jews, Christians and Muslims). In this tutorial, we will explore the significant biblical and historical events.

Christianity starts as a Jewish sect on the periphery of the Roman Empire. Despite being actively persecuted, the religion grows through the Empire, eventually becoming the official state religion.

From the Mayans to the the Teotihuacans in Mesoamerica to the Chavin, Nazca, Moche, Huari and Tiwanaku in the Andes, 600 BCE - 600 CE represents the rise (and fall) of many significant civilizations and cultures.