This period lays the foundation for much of civilization as we know it today. The classical Greeks lay the cultural foundation for Western civilization. The Achaemenid Persians under Cyrus unify much of the Middle East and Egypt. Alexander the Great unifies Greece with Persia. Later, the Roman Empire dominates the Mediterranean and Europe.
Starting as a small kingdom city-state on the Italian peninsula before the 8th century BCE, Rome grows first into a republic that dominates the Mediterranean and Europe and lays the foundation for Western Civilization.
For over 3500 years, China has had a relatively continuous civilization with long-lasting dynasties. In this tutorial, we will explore some of the most significant of these early dynasties, from the Zhou to the Qin to the Han.
From the Mayans to the the Teotihuacans in Mesoamerica to the Chavin, Nazca, Moche, Huari and Tiwanaku in the Andes, 600 BCE - 600 CE represents the rise (and fall) of many significant civilizations and cultures.
As we transition from the end of the Vedic Period, we enter into a time of the first significant empire formation in India. Both the Maurya and Gupta empires will have lasting impact not only on India, but the world.