Main content

600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations

Learn
Ancient PersiaCyrus the Great and the Achaemenid EmpireThe Rise of PersiaZoroastrianism
Practice
The Achaemenid EmpireGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
State-building: The Persian EmpireGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Ancient Persia Get 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Classical GreeceThe Greek polisGreco Persian WarsSecond Persian InvasionClassical Greek Society and CulturePhilosophy: Socrates, Plato and AristotleClassical Greek societyClassical Greek culturePrelude to the Peloponnesian WarThe Peloponnesian War
Practice
The Greek polisGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
State-building: the Greek polisGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Classical Greek societyGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Classical Greek culture and societyGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Classical Greece Get 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Comparison: Rise of empiresComparison: Fall of empiresComparing the rise and fall of empires
Practice
Rise and fall of empiresGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Focus on state-building: EmpiresGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Philip of Macedon unifies GreeceAlexander the Great takes powerAlexander the Great conquers PersiaDiadochi and the Hellenistic PeriodAlexander the Great
Learn
An Overview of Ancient RomeRoman social and political structuresThe Roman RepublicExchange between Rome, Carthage, and the PhoeniciansPunic Wars between Rome and Carthage
Practice
Roman RepublicGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Rise of Julius CaesarCaesar, Cleopatra and the Ides of MarchIdes of March spark a civil warAugustus and the Roman EmpireThe Roman Empire
Practice
Roman empireGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
State building: Roman empireGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Ancient RomeGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Emperors of Pax RomanaFall of the Roman EmpireAra PacisVisualizing Imperial Rome
Learn
Zhou, Qin and Han DynastiesRise of Chinese dynastiesConfucius and the Hundred Schools of ThoughtThe Philosophers of the Warring States
Practice
Rise of Chinese dynastiesGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
State building: Rise of Chinese dynastiesGet 2 of 2 questions to level up!
Philosophies of the Warring States PeriodGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Legalism and DaoismGet 2 of 2 questions to level up!
Ancient and Imperial ChinaGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Early Judaism, part 1Early Judaism, part 2Judaism develops
Learn
Early ChristianityThe spread of ChristianityChristianity in the Roman EmpireChristianity in the Roman EmpireThe Council of Nicaea
Practice
Context: Judaism and ChristianityGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Early Judaism and Early ChristianityGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Mayan civilizationChavin, Nazca, Moche, Huari and Tiwanaku civilizationsPre-contact Americas
Practice
Early Americas Get 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
The rise of empires in IndiaGupta DynastyThe Maurya and Gupta EmpiresThe history of HinduismThe history of Buddhism
Practice
Empires in IndiaGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Key concepts: Hinduism and BuddhismGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Learn
The Vedic PeriodSanskrit connections to EnglishHinduism: core ideas of Brahman, Atman, Samsara and Moksha.Hindu gods overviewHindu scripture overviewVarnas and the Caste SystemBhakti movement
Learn
Hinduism: core ideas of Brahman, Atman, Samsara and Moksha.Early BuddhismCore spiritual ideas of BuddhismBuddhism: context and comparisonTheravada and Mahayana Buddhism
Practice
Early Hinduism and Early BuddhismGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Cultural Syncretism in Central AsiaSyncretism
Practice
SyncretismGet 3 of 3 questions to level up!
Learn
Comparative roles of women in Rome and Han ChinaWomen and families in classical society
Practice
Women and families in classical societiesGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
The Silk RoadThe Silk Road
Practice
The Silk RoadGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Transregional tradeGet 3 of 4 questions to level up!
Learn
Survey from Neo Babylonians to PersiansAncient Greeks and PersiansRome becomes dominant

About this unit

This period lays the foundation for much of civilization as we know it today. The classical Greeks lay the cultural foundation for Western civilization. The Achaemenid Persians under Cyrus unify much of the Middle East and Egypt. Alexander the Great unifies Greece with Persia. Later, the Roman Empire dominates the Mediterranean and Europe.