600 BCE - 600 CE Second-Wave Civilizations

This period lays the foundation for much of civilization as we know it today. The classical Greeks lay the cultural foundation for Western civilization. The Achaemenid Persians under Cyrus unify much of the Middle East and Egypt. Alexander the Great unifies Greece with Persia. Later, the Roman Empire dominates the Mediterranean and Europe.
2 exercises available

This tutorial attempts to give a very high level view of the civilizations that emerge in the period around 600 BCE.

Greece fights off the Persians and enters its Golden Era, only to breakdown into the Peloponnesian war and eventual conquest by the Macedonians.

An overview of the ancient Persian empire, with focus on the Achaemenid Empire started by Cyrus the Great and ended by Alexander the Great.

Starting as a small kingdom city-state on the Italian peninsula before the 8th century BCE, Rome grows first into a republic that dominates the Mediterranean and Europe and lays the foundation for Western Civilization.

A survey of the Roman Empire from Augustus and Pax Romana to the fall of the Western Roman Empire 500 years later.

Judaism is the basis of the religious beliefs of roughly half the world's population (Jews, Christians and Muslims). In this tutorial, we will explore the significant biblical and historical events.

Christianity starts as a Jewish sect on the periphery of the Roman Empire. Despite being actively persecuted, the religion grows through the Empire, eventually becoming the official state religion.

For over 3500 years, China has had a relatively continuous civilization with long-lasting dynasties. In this tutorial, we will explore some of the most significant of these early dynasties, from the Zhou to the Qin to the Han.

From the Mayans to the the Teotihuacans in Mesoamerica to the Chavin, Nazca, Moche, Huari and Tiwanaku in the Andes, 600 BCE - 600 CE represents the rise (and fall) of many significant civilizations and cultures.

As we transition from the end of the Vedic Period, we enter into a time of the first significant empire formation in India. Both the Maurya and Gupta empires will have lasting impact not only on India, but the world.

From the life of Siddartha Gautama Buddha to his teachings and modern schools of Buddhism.