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Classical Greece


Read the passage below and answer the question.
"Is there any one thus intended by nature to be a slave, and for whom such a condition is expedient and right? Or, rather, is not all slavery a violation of nature? There is no difficulty in answering this question, on grounds both of reason and of fact. For that some should rule and others be ruled is a thing not only necessary, but expedient; from the hour of their birth, some are marked out for subjection, others for rule . . . Again, the male is by nature superior, and the female inferior; and the one rules, and the other is ruled; this principle, of necessity, extends to all mankind."
From Aristotle, Politics: On Slavery, written c. 330 BCE
The views expressed in the excerpt are best seen as evidence of which of the following in ancient Greek society?
Choose 1 answer: