Resonance and acid-base chemistry

Let's review how to keep track of electrons using formal charges, oxidation states, oxidation-reduction reactions, and resonance structures. We will also go over the principles of acid-base chemistry.

Organic acid-base chemistry

Do you remember the basics of acid-base chemistry? If your answer is neutral, then you might want to watch this tutorial and review these important concepts from general chemistry.
8:31
Acid-base definitions
Bronsted-Lowry and Arrhenius definitions of acids and bases.
5:32
Organic acid-base mechanisms
How to use curved arrows to draw mechanisms for organic acid-base reactions
9:18
Ka and acid strength
How to write an equilibrium expression for an acid-base reaction and how to evaluate the strength of an acid using Ka
2:40
Ka and pKa review
A short review of Ka and pKa for students taking organic chemistry
9:04
Using a pKa table
How to use a pKa table to determine relative acid strengths
7:54
Using pKa values to predict the position of equilibrium
How to use pKa values to predict the position of equilibrium for organic acid-base reactions
4:12
Stabilization of a conjugate base: electronegativity
How electronegativity affects the stabilization of a conjugate base (when comparing elements in the same period)
5:47
Acid strength, anion size, and bond energy
How anion size and bond dissociation energies affect acid strength
7:09
Stabilization of a conjugate base: resonance
How resonance affects the stability of a conjugate base
4:58
Stabilization of a conjugate base: induction
How a conjugate base is stabilized by the inductive effect
6:09
Stabilization of a conjugate base: hybridization
How increased s character in a hybrid orbital stabilizes the conjugate base
4:29
Stabilization of a conjugate base: solvation
How the solvent affects the stability of a conjugate base