Organic chemistry

Sal and Jay cover topics covered in college organic chemistry course. Basic understanding of basic high school or college chemistry assumed (although there is some review).
Community Questions

Structure and bonding

Dot structures, hybridization, bond-line structures, electronegativity, polarity, physical properties

Resonance and acid-base chemistry

Formal charges, oxidation states, oxidation-reduction reactions, resonance structures, acid-base chemistry

Alkanes, cycloalkanes, and functional groups

Naming alkanes and cycloalkanes, conformations of alkanes and cycloalkanes, functional groups


Chirality, stereoisomers, assigning configurations using the R,S system, optical activity, Fischer projections, diastereomers, meso compounds

Substitution and elimination reactions

SN1, SN2, E1, E2, nucleophiles, nucleophilicity, basicity

Alkenes and alkynes

naming alkenes and alkynes, reactions of alkenes and alkynes, synthesis

Alcohols, ethers, epoxides, sulfides

alcohols, ethers, epoxides, thiols, sulfides

Conjugated systems and pericyclic reactions

Conjugation (eventually), addition reactions of conjugated dienes (eventually), Diels-Alder reaction, electrocyclic reactions (eventually)

Aromatic compounds

aromatic compounds, naming derivatives of benzene, electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions

Aldehydes and ketones

nomenclature and reactions of aldehydes and ketones

Carboxylic acids and derivatives

naming carboxylic acids, formation of carboxylic acid derivatives

Alpha carbon chemistry

formation of enolate anions, aldol condensations


nomenclature and reactions of amines


IR, UV/Vis, and NMR Spectroscopy

Structure and bonding

Dot structures, hybridization, bond-line structures, electronegativity, polarity, physical properties
Community Questions
All content in “Structure and bonding”

Dot structures

Going dotty trying to review? Don't worry about a single thing - or multiples for that matter! Get some points on simple organic dot structures in this tutorial.

Bond-line structures

Call them Bonds. Covalent Bonds. Smart chemists need time to stir (and shake) their solutions. In this tutorial, we will explain how chemists use bond-line structures as a form of organic shorthand to skip time-consuming carbon and hydrogen atoms labeling. Watch this tutorial so you too can be in the Dr. Know.


What is the most attractive concept in undergraduate organic chemistry? Currently most are polarized on the topic, but the pull of electronegativity is hard to resist. Within this tutorial, we will learn about electronegativity and see how it applies to polarity, intermolecular forces, and physical properties.