Structure and bonding

Let's review the basics of chemical bonds including dot structures, hybridization, bond-line structures, electronegativity, and polarity. We will also discuss how bonding and intermolecular forces relate to physical properties such as boiling point.

Dot structures

Going dotty trying to review? Don't worry about a single thing - or multiples for that matter! Get some points on simple organic dot structures in this tutorial.

Bond-line structures

Call them Bonds. Covalent Bonds. Smart chemists need time to stir (and shake) their solutions. In this tutorial, we will explain how chemists use bond-line structures as a form of organic shorthand to skip time-consuming carbon and hydrogen atoms labeling. Watch this tutorial so you too can be in the Dr. Know.