- Social inequality questions
- Overview of social inequality
- Upward and downward mobility, meritocracy
- Intergenerational and intragenerational mobility social mobility
- Absolute and relative poverty
- Social reproduction
- Social exclusion (segregation and social isolation)
- Environmental justice
- Residential segregation
- Global inequality
- Prejudice and discrimination based on race, ethnicity, power, social class, and prestige
- Health and healthcare disparities in the US
- Class consciousness and false consciousness
Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Arshya Vahabzadeh.
Want to join the conversation?
- Is there any social inequality amoung the very rich or the very poor within their own classes.(5 votes)
- Of course! This is illustrated by theory of intersectionality. Even if someone displays class privilege, they can still face disadvantage and/or additional advantage due to gender, race, sexuality, etc.(6 votes)
- Diamond or pyramid? What is the criteria of each income class in the pyramid in this video? Aren't most people in the U.S. considered middle class? If so, then the shape ought to be a diamond - small at top and bottom, large across the middle. I realize this will depend on what defines "middle class", but generally speaking those countries with a large middle class will have diamond-shaped distribution while countries with a large poor class (and also the global population as a whole) will have a pyramid-shaped distribution. Am I missing something?(4 votes)
- Is Khan Academy planning to eventually create videos to aid medical students in preparing for the USMLE exams?(2 votes)
- Are the social inequality questions expected to be answered after watching the videos? I have watched all of them and noticed we haven't learned some of the topics that the questions are regarding.(3 votes)
- Sorry, but I do not understand the concept of the gender wage gap. If businesses could pay a woman less for the same work that a man could do, why wouldn't businesses only hire women?(2 votes)
- How much of this [and the subsequent] content will be included in test questions? Is it worth the time to really grasp this material or just get the big picture?(1 vote)
- Definitely get the big picture... it may not be the same on the test, but it could appear because this is a big issue in the world.(2 votes)
- what it's mean by "Food stamp"?(1 vote)
- An old name for a welfare program in the US that provides nutritional assistance to poor people.
For details see:
- [Voiceover] Okay, let's talk about social inequality. Now when we talk about social inequality, what we're saying is that the resources in a society are unevenly distributed. Now an excellent example of this is the wealth distribution in the United States, where the top 20% have 72% of the wealth of the country, and the bottom 20% only control about 3%. So as we can see, that's a great deal of inequality. When we think about social inequality, we often think about our society and how it's structured into different classes. One of the ways that we do this is by labeling society as containing the upper class, middle class and lower, or working class. And these class distinctions are often made on the basis of people's jobs or incomes. And one of the things that we know is that as you go up the social ladder, you often have better access to quality education, healthcare, and other services, such as housing or good nutrition. One of the other things that we can think about is that there are groups of the population that are really disproportionately affected by this social inequality. Minorities, for example, ethnic minorities, or racial minorities, tend to have greater degrees of inequality, as manifested by lower incomes, lower educational opportunities, and reduced access to healthcare. And the healthcare they do get is often substandard. In addition to racial and ethnic minorities, we should also consider that people who are very poor or are in poverty also face considerable barriers to obtaining the same healthcare, education, and other resources, such as housing, as other people. So really being an ethnic minority, racial minority, or being very poor puts you at a great social disadvantage. In some ways, gender does too. We know that being female carries with it certain disadvantages in regards social equality, in that females often experiences differences in terms of pay, known as the gender pay gap, where they may be paid less than their male peers. They may also experience the "glass ceiling effect," where they may be more poorly represented in higher positions, more powerful positions, within companies and other institutions, even public institutions. So gender is also an important consideration. So what happens when we have these high rates of social inequality? People may feel increasingly socially excluded. They may separate out, and live in segregated neighborhoods, and they may also feel politically disempowered. This potentially creates a combination of things, which can lead to civil unrest and also may tempt people into criminal activities. So what can we do about social inequality? Well, we can have a variety of government schemes to allow financial support or social support, such as Food Stamps, for individuals facing considerable hardship. We can try and identify and remove barriers to healthcare and education for people facing these considerable hardships. Additionally, we can carry out further research into these vulnerable populations, to help understand their needs and try and figure out suitable interventions, where we can make a difference into their lives and allow them to integrate better into society.