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Class consciousness and false consciousness

Video transcript

let's draw some factories and next to them let's draw some farms so what I'm drawing here is something called the means of production these are facilities and resources by which we can produce goods and when we think about factories and farms who owns them typically it's some pretty wealthy wealthy individuals and the flipside those individuals typically hire a large amount of workers and what the workers offer is their labor the workers don't own any of the means of production they don't team they don't tend to get any of the kind of profits or major benefits they tend to get some kind of salary in general so we look at the owners and we look at the workers we should start to realize that there's a class divide and when we think about class and society we often think about a hierarchy of the upper class and middle class and lower class and we often say the lower class is the working class and the upper middle class they may very well be the owners now we come on to a theory and this was a theory that was partly discussed by someone called Karl Marx and further put forward by people who were advocates of his theory called Marxists and what this theory says is that these workers who are part of this working class they don't realize that they're being exploited and oppressed by this capitalistic model of working where the owners control the means of production and they get all the benefits and all the rewards but what can happen is that these workers can develop something called class consciousness and what that means is that they realize that that as a class of society that they have solidarity with one another against the owners against the people who own the means of production and that they must struggle to overcome this and exploitation and part of that may involve seizing and obtaining the means of production and redistributing the means of production amongst the workers so in class consciousness the workers seek to obtain the factories and the farms and take over the ownership however there's another part of this theory and that part conflicts with class consciousness and this is called false consciousness and unlike class consciousness when the workers start to see that their struggle is that they have solidarity with one another and that if they're in a class struggle against the owners in false consciousness they're unable to see their alleged exploitation and oppression and remember the story of society the information of floats rat societies often controlled by the people in power the the owners the people who control the means of production so through a lot of processes they can install this false consciousness and promote it among the workers so when we think about false consciousness we see that the owners may be feeding a lot of information and controlling processes in society to the workers and maybe giving them hope that one or two of them you may potentially become owners in the future whether that's true or not and really promoting this false consciousness make it much more difficult for the workers to unite and see their true levels of exploitation and oppression so one of the things that we need to also focus on is this false consciousness and class consciousness is part of this Marxist theory and there's many people who would obviously disagree with this and some of these some of the way that we're thinking about owners and workers in these models they're really referred to much more historic models of how society worked in regards to societies where farms and factories are dominant which isn't necessarily the case in some of the more developed countries in today