- Social inequality questions
- Overview of social inequality
- Upward and downward mobility, meritocracy
- Intergenerational and intragenerational mobility social mobility
- Absolute and relative poverty
- Social reproduction
- Social exclusion (segregation and social isolation)
- Environmental justice
- Residential segregation
- Global inequality
- Prejudice and discrimination based on race, ethnicity, power, social class, and prestige
- Health and healthcare disparities in the US
- Class consciousness and false consciousness
Social mobility can be defined in two ways. Intragenerational mobility refers to someone moving up or down the social ladder within their own lifetime. Intergenerational mobility, on the other hand, looks at changes in social class across generations, comparing parents to their children. Created by Arshya Vahabzadeh.
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- How can you have intragenerational mobility without also having intergenerational mobility?(11 votes)
- Man good point. I think we'd need to look at context in the MCAT question. If they specifically mention the class of the parents or just focus on one person's movement.(4 votes)
- How is intrageneration mobility differ from vertical mobility?(4 votes)
- For intragenerational mobility, the person can either move horizontally to an equal position within the same social status (i.e. horizontal mobility) or between the social classes (vertical mobility.) To answer your question, vertical mobility is a form of intragenerational mobility.(12 votes)
- By "across generations" does this mean at one point in time or as time progresses? is it inter generational because we are looking at Ian and his parents at one point in time or is it inter generational because Ian's great great grandchildren will be affected by his current status?
Also, is mobility always upwards, as implied by this video? For example, Ian's parents were lower class but the video makes it seem that now, just because their son is upper class, so too are they. Is this the case, or is it more of an average, or none of the above?(2 votes)
- Intragenerational social mobility concerns the ability of a specific individual to move up or down the ladder within his or her lifetime. You come from humble origins, but intelligence and hard work, climb up the social ladder. Intergenerational social mobility, on the other hand, concerns the changes of social class of different generations of family members. If, for example, your parents were squarely working class and you, for whatever reason, occupied a position in the middle class, you could serve as an example of intergenerational mobility.
The important difference then:
Intra - means within a single generation or within a lifespan
Inter - means across generations
- So, to clarify:,
Intragenerational social mobility: Jack is born in a middle class family. He decides to form a boyband with some friends, and within a few years he becomes a rockstar living a lavish life. (He is now upper class)
Intergenerational social mobility: Jack's grandparents were blue-collar workers who immigrated to the US in order to have kids who could obtain US university degrees. Jack's parents used their university degrees to make their income, some of which they allocated towards funding Jack's band. Jack's band soon became popular, and Jack started living a lavish life.
Is this correct? Is it correct to think about intragenerational mobility being more sudden, and intergenerational being more gradual? Perhaps intragenerational movement is based more on manifest properties, while intergenerational is based on latent properties?(2 votes)
- What factors contribute to intragenerational mobility versus intergenerational mobility? Is there a trade-off between the two types?(2 votes)
- I think of intragenerational and intergenerational as two separate entities. So using "versus" wouldn't be the proper word to use and I think "and" should suffice. I think a variety of factors can contribute to both. Upward mobility could mean that there's increased work training, better education. Downward mobility could mean the lack thereof.(0 votes)
- Are the terms horizontal/vertical mobility independent of inter/intragenerational mobility? If so, what would horizontal, intergenerational mobility look like? Or is that just not a thing because horizontal mobility isn't really a change from the status quo?(1 vote)
- At1:14, he stated: "...the change in social mobility that he's experiencing.."This is particularly confusing, for social mobility is the movement between social strata. I think the sentence was more to imply the change in social status or just the social mobility that he's experiencing.(1 vote)
- Hello, I want you to meet this wonderful family. It's Mary, the mum, Jim, the dad and Ian, the son. And they're gonna help us to understand some key concepts about social mobility. Now Ian is an accountant, so he would be considered middle class. And if this triangle represents the upper class at the top, middle class in the middle and lower class at the bottom. He would typically be considered as an accountant to be in the middle class. So what would happen if in Ian's lifetime he got a series of promotions and ended up as the CEO of this international accounting firm. End up making an absolute boatload of money. And actually joined the upper class. He would actually move up, in terms of his social standing. What about on the flip side? What if he had some real struggles at the company, got fired and ended up in a really poorly paid job. Maybe in a manual job, maybe as a factory worker. He would perhaps move down. In his life time he would perhaps join the working class or the lower class. So one of the important things to consider here is what's happening to Ian it's happening to him in his life time, in his own life time. Whether he goes up or down the change in social mobility that he's experiencing is one that's affecting him in his own generation in his own life time. And this is something that we call "intragenerational mobility". And the important thing with intragenerational mobility is that it's affecting Ian in his life time. Now there's another concept I want to introduce you to. And that concept is a little bit different. And that concept is actually called "intergenerational mobility". And just like intragenerational mobility these concepts are both really descibing types of social mobility. Particularly social mobility up or down the social hierarchy. Now what's different about intergenerational mobility is that we really need to consider Ian's parents. Because intergenerational mobility actually considers them in addition to him. Instead of just looking at what is happening to him we have to really consider where they stand on the social ladder. So let's have a look at them. So if they were manual workers, laborers, working class or lower class. And then Ian ended up being a CEO, for example, in the upper class. We would see that across generations there was a change in their social group from a lower class to upper class. So really one of the key concepts between both of these is that when we consider intragenerational mobility we are considering social mobility change in a person's own life time. While when we consider intergenerational mobility we are considering social mobility changes across generations.