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Intergenerational and intragenerational mobility social mobility

Video transcript

hello I want you to meet this wonderful family it's Mary the mum Jim the dad and being the Son and they're going to help us to understand some key concepts about social mobility now ian is an accountant so he will be considered middle class and if this triangle represents the upper class at the top middle class in the middle and lower class at the bottom he would typically be considered as an accountant to be in the middle class so what would happen if in Ian's lifetime he got a series of promotions and ended up as the CEO of this international accounting firm end up making an absolute boatload of money and actually joined the upper class he would actually move up in terms of his social standing what about on the flip side what if he had some real struggles at the company got fired and ended up in a really poorly paid job maybe in a manual job maybe as a factory worker Hugh perhaps moved down in his lifetime he would perhaps join the working class or the lower class so one of the important things to consider here is what's happening - Ian it's happening to him in his lifetime in his own lifetime whether he goes up or down the change this change in social mobility that he's experiencing is one that it's affecting him in his own generation in his own lifetime and this is something that we call intra generational mobility and the important thing with intergenerational mobility is that it's affecting Ian's in his lifetime now there's another concept I want to introduce you to and that concept is a little bit different and that concept is actually called intergenerational mobility and just like intra general generational mobility these concepts are both really describing types of social mobility particularly social mobility up or down the social hierarchy now what's different about intergenerational mobility is that we really need to consider Ian's parents because intergenerational mobility actually considers in addition to him instead of just looking at what is happening to him we have to really consider where they stand on the social ladder so let's have a look at them so if they were manual workers laborers working class or lower class and then Ian ended up being a CEO for example in the upper class we would see that across generations there was a change in their social group from a lower craft class to upper class so really one of the key concepts between both of these is that when we consider intergenerational mobility we are considering social mobility change in a person's own lifetime while when we consider intergenerational mobility we are considering social mobility changes across generations you