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Social exclusion (segregation and social isolation)

Video transcript

being an integral member of our society has weathered many advantages you can get access to good social networks to housing to educational resources to all the different resources of a community and with that comes a great deal of opportunity but one of the things that can happen is that certain individuals can find themselves being kind of pushed kind of relegated to the peripheries of society and when that happens they really lose or prevented from participating society in many ways they may have reduced rights access to legal protection and rights they may have reduced access to resources and they may have reduced opportunities but the thing is so we have the core society in the middle here but we can also have a variety of different processes that can drag or suck people away into into the periphery into into the fringes of society so one of the important factors here could be for example poverty so let's draw the poverty magnet and the poverty magnet can literally drag people away from the core parts of society to the fringes and as we move away from the center these people are experiencing a greater degree of social exclusion and this is the process by which we are derailing people from actively participating Society and sending people effectively relegating people to the fringes of society where they may not have where they basically denied access to many resources another important magnet that we can draw is the magnet of ill health whether that's mental or physical that's a huge magnet again people who are physically or mentally ill may have a much tougher time engaging and interacting in society and they too may be dragged away from the core part of society into the fringes also we should bear in mind that certain groups may face a lot of discrimination this could be an additional magnet and these groups can face discrimination based on their race gender sexual orientation and a whole heap of other different elements such as culture for example or citizenship or other preferences such as politics another thing that we can consider is things like education housing employment these are all very very very important factors and with a lack of education housing employment people can again be very easily relegated to the fringes of society where they're not really participating or able to interact networking in the resources that many people in society have so as we continue to talk about this really important concept of social exclusion one of the things I want you to bear in mind is that we've drawn these separate magnets but in reality people who experience social exclusion who have really pushed to the fringe of society they often have many many of these magnets combined so they're so they're dealing with tremendous forces that are effectively pulling them away into the fringes of society and when that happens when people are pulled away into the fringe of society the certain consequences that can happen those individuals may not only develop greater degree of ill health but they may also undertake criminal activities because they feel so disenfranchised so those are two important important concepts at ill health and crime so as we can see social exclusion can have many different many different factors at play that we need to that we need to consider the many different things I want to consider when we talk about social exclusion and one factor I want you to consider is the concept of segregation and this concept is pretty important because this is a way of separating out groups of people and giving them access to a separate set of resources within the same Society sometimes people describe this as being separate but equal but we know from historic examples such as apartheid in South Africa or the treatment of African Americans in the u.s. historically that this is rarely true oftentimes people who are segregated have substandard or really poor services so if we consider our society again perhaps segregation would look like would look like this one set of individuals will perhaps occupy only part of the mainstream and the fringes of society and it'd be segregated out and segregation may be maintained by things like laws and public institutions or there may be much more informal processes or hidden discrimination as I mentioned segregation often affects a lot of different services and situations such as schools housing and historically in the u.s. even where you sat on a bus or which water fountain you drank from and segregation has often often meant racial segregation separation based on the concept of race let's talk about another concept and that's one of social isolation and that's when a community may actually separate itself out from the mainstream and do so on a voluntary basis and they may want to isolate themselves out based on their own religious or cultural or other factors but they want they want to do that to perhaps preserve part of their identity the aim is for example maybe a group in the u.s. that you would consider undertaking a degree of this voluntary social isolation and this would be different to social exclusion because in social exclusion there are a lot of external factors at play that force an individual or push or pull an individual to the fringes of society but social isolation by some of these communities is often done on a voluntary basis