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Current time:0:00Total duration:7:43

Video transcript

all right so let's dive into the first theory of personality called the psychoanalytic theory now you've probably heard of someone super famous in the psychology world named Sigmund Freud so let's write his name down here because it's very important for this theory okay so Sigmund Freud well it so happens fun fact here that Ford was not even a psychologist he was a physician more specifically a neurologist and in 1885 he went to Paris to study hypnosis with the fellow neurologists but this experience is actually what turned him towards medical psychopathology in psychiatry as we know it was actually unknown at the time Freud began his work so there you have it there's your history lesson for the day okay so let's go back and talk about this psychoanalytic theory the psychoanalytic theory says that our childhood experiences and unconscious desires influence behavior so this is a key word for this theory unconscious so our personalities have memories beliefs urges drives and instincts that we are not always aware of and that make up this unconscious in the major driving force behind Freud's instinctual theory is a concept of libido and you may have heard of this in a different context but we'll go over it in terms of this theory so libido is natural energy source that fuels the mechanisms of the mind and when this libidinal energy is stuck or fixated at various stages of psychosexual development there's another key word so when this fixation occurs at the psychosexual development and stages conflicts can occur that have lifelong effects so fixation at a particular stage is what predicts adult personality according to this theory for example someone fixated at the oral stage which is actually the first stage in psychosexual development might have oral personality characteristics like being overly talkative or having a smoking habit when they grow up okay so Freud breaks down those mental structures I was talking about into three parts and we can look at this by looking at an iceberg so let's break this down the into two parts first the top of the iceberg which is shown up here above the surface of the water is the conscious part of our mind so this is everything we are aware of and if that's the conscious what do you think this bottom is if you said unconscious you are right so it's the unconscious mind now what do you notice the unconscious is a lot larger than the conscious you know that saying it's only the tip of the iceberg that we see while it's true most of our mind is hidden below the surface okay let's go into the first structure of our mind and that is the it'd so the it is located down here in this compartment and it's the unconscious part of our mind that makes up most of the mind it's hidden below the surface and it develops right after birth and demands immediate gratification now the second part of this structure is the ego so the ego is right here in this compartment and it's part of our conscious and our unconscious mind okay we'll see why that's the case in a little bit but the ego is involved in our perceptions thoughts and judgments and it seeks long-term gratification as opposed to the id's immediate gratification in the third compartment right over here when I try to fit it in is the super-ego now the super-ego develops around the age of four and it's our moral compass or our conscience don't get that config with conscious conscience full tongue-twister okay so let's go back to these psychosexual stages I was talking about so our libidinal impulses right here are what want to be gratified and when they are either over gratified or not gratified at all or partially gratified fixation occurs at a psychosexual stage and we face either conflict or anxiety now what I mean by conflict is not this whole battle or drama that plays out but it's a conflict between these three mental structures of our mind the ego the super-ego and the in because all of them are competing for demands so they're in a conflict think of it like this I'm going to draw out ourselves right here like that and there's a rest of us you get the picture okay well this person has really big arms but you get the idea okay so think of it like this we have the ED sitting on one shoulder over here and this is us looking we're a little bit of a conflict okay so that it is sitting on one shoulder here and it's really really upset because it's demanding gratification and it isn't immediately getting it remember I said it wants immediate gratification but then over here you have this super ego and the super-ego is sitting on it's a high horse and it's preaching to the it'd about what's moral and then what about the ego what happens to the ego what role does that have well it's going to be in the middle because the it wants gratification and only gratification and it's going back and forth with the soup where you go so the ego right over here is trying to gratify the it'd but it also has to take an account with the super-ego is saying the super-ego is moral oversight which represents the values of society now remember I said earlier that the ego is part of the conscious and the unconscious minds so it basically acts as a mediator between the unconscious desires of the aide and the moral demands of the super-ego so I've ever heard of a Freudian slip it's actually an example of a mental conflict so for example a financially stressed patient tells his doctor Oh doctor please don't give me any bills well what he really meant to say was please don't give me any pills so this whole process that I went through of the ego the super-ego in the it'd becoming fixated in psychosexual development due to conflicts is all part of the psychoanalytic theory and this process is part of personality development for all individuals but it's especially problematic when there is a problem with gratification in a particular psychosexual stage