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Freud - Death drive, reality principle, and pleasure principle

Video transcript

when you were young then you saw a piece of candy oftentimes you probably just immediately wanted it you wanted to have that pleasure straight away the thought of waiting and delaying would absolutely terrify you this is the type of behavior that Sigmund Freud a psychoanalyst and neurologists described as the pleasure principle and what he means by that is that when we are young or immature we immediately want to fulfill our needs and feel pleasure and by that very token we also want to avoid suffering but the thing is that over time we grow older and we become mature and then we may also see that piece of candy again but this time that piece of candy may not belong to us it may be somebody else's and we may get into trouble for taking it it may just be socially inappropriate we may have to wait and what we're seeing here we're seeing that pleasure starts to get replaced with reality the reality of the situation is that you're gonna have to wait you're gonna have to sacrifice that immediate reward and replace it with this kind of long-term ratification you have to realize that the outside world may not tolerate your pleasure-seeking behavior anymore and you're not always gonna get what you want you're gonna have to sit down and play your role in society with the real world and now we've gone from the pleasure principle to the reality principle and know that both of these principles actually fulfill the same overall task of that gratification but with the reality principle you may have to wait there may be a delay and you're gonna have to get that great gratification while still trying to adhere to the rules of engagement let's say the rules of society the rules of the world whereas with the pleasure principle this much more immature way of interacting you almost expect to get what you want there and there without any compromise much like what a what a baby may expect it cries and it gets fed that doesn't always apply as we get older so these are two important principles that Freud outlined let's look at a couple of other things that Freud also talked about this time they will be called drives and one of the things that he said was that we all have a drive towards life and this drive involves us being healthy being safe and also partaking in sex reproducing for our species so this is something that benefits our lives that we want to live and also we want to reproduce and allow our species to live and he gave this life drive a name and he called this eros or I should say this was a drive that's now referred to as often referred to as eros and it also comes with other come other commonly attached things such as love cooperation collaboration so basically you're working with others to you know promote your own well-being and that of others but one other thing that Freud also noticed was that some people get into these patterns of behavior that appeared to be self-destructive or harmful to others and he started to think about this as the death Drive and this also comes with some associated emotions and these include things like fear anger hate and these can be directed both inward at oneself or outward outward towards other people and this death Drive also has a name and this death Drive is commonly called thought us and these two drives as you can tell are the opposites of each other and one thing we have to understand about drives is that he said that drives are these intrinsic Universal impulses and feelings that we all have and these are drives that naturally come about we don't need something from outside to shift us into having this life Drive or this death Drive these are things that naturally develop in in humans and this is something that Freud had outlined now one thing we have to bear in mind is that Freud is now seen as so much a somewhat of a controversial character so whether we're talking about the pleasure and reality principles or the life and death drives ear a sore thumb at us we have to bear in mind that many people we may not agree or may argue against these points