# Independent and dependent events

Contents

Introduction to probability. Independent and dependent events. Compound events. Mutual exclusive events. Addition rule for probability.

Can I pick a red frog out of a bag that only contains marbles? Is it smart to buy a lottery ticket?
Even if we are unsure about whether something will happen, can we start to be mathematical about the "chances" of an event (essentially realizing that some things are more likely than others). This tutorial will introduce us to the tools that allow us to think about random events.

What is the probability of getting a diamond or an ace from a deck of cards? Well I could get a diamond that is not an ace, an ace that is not a diamond, or the ace of diamonds. This tutorial helps us think these types of situations through a bit better (especially with the help of our good friend, the Venn diagram).

What is the probability of making three free throws in a row (LeBron literally asks this in this tutorial).
In this tutorial, we'll explore compound events happening where the probability of one event is not dependent on the outcome of another (compound, independent, events).

What's the probability of picking two "e" from the bag in scrabble (assuming that I don't replace the tiles). Well, the probability of picking an 'e' on your second try depends on what happened in the first (if you picked an 'e' the first time around, then there is one less 'e' in the bag). This is just one of many, many type of scenarios involving dependent probability.

Whether you are learning computer science, logic, or probability (or a bunch of other things), it can be very, very useful to have this "set" of skills. From what a set is to how we can operate on them, this tutorial will have you familiar with the basics of sets!