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Video transcript

all right in this video we're talking about the document-based question or DBQ section on the AP u.s. History exam now this is one of two main essays that are on the exam one is based on documents that are provided to you and the other is based on your own knowledge of the subject so you'll get fifty five minutes to do this portion of the exam and it's generally recommended that you spend about 15 of those minutes planning your answer and about 40 of those minutes actually writing your answer now your mileage might differ you might find that you're someone who wants to spend a little bit more time planning or you're somebody who can plan really fast and write well in any event you want to go in with a plan about how much time you're going to spend on each part so you don't get surprised at the end of the period that you still have a couple paragraphs left to right but you're out of time so for the DBQ section you're going to get a question that asks you to analyze changes or continuities over time something that really gets at the heart of how things in history change over time so unlike the short answer questions which are very sort of specific about one period in time this is asking you to take a broader look at US history and write an essay about one of its major themes alright let's take a look at this question analyze major changes and continuities in the social and economic experiences of african-americans who migrated from the south to urban areas in the north in the period 1910 to 1930 alright well that gives us a lot of information about the kinds of things we should concentrate on so first we're looking at social history and economic history we're looking at African Americans and we're looking at this migration pattern so this is the period of the migration as they would say when many african-americans who lived in the South moved to the north for new factory jobs in this time period which certainly included World War one and you can see from the time frame that we're talking about a fairly early 20th century time period ending in 1930 so you don't want to be talking about the experiences of African Americans in the Great Depression or in World War two or in the civil rights movement because that's much later now you might be able to end on a note that shows your knowledge of what's to come but really for the meat of this essay you want to stick to the time period in question to answer this we're going to want to write an essay and at the very least I would go for your kind of standard five paragraph essay where you have an introductory statement introduction which includes the strong thesis statement and we'll get to how to write one of those soon and then three paragraphs of body text each that is trying to prove a point brought up in its topic sentence and a conclusion which wraps up what you've said and ties it up with a bow now to do this you're going to have to consider and analyze about seven to nine primary documents which are provided for you by the exam and you should include all or maybe all but one of those primary documents in your answer now you don't have to go into detail about all of them but you should include analysis of some of the arguments some of the biases and some of the larger ideas behind some of those documents and you should also be prepared to give some outside information that shows that you really know the material and can give context to it all right so that's what these questions are about and how you should go about answering them in the next video we'll start looking at primary documents and getting ready to make a thesis statement
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