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Video transcript

alright so in the last video we are taking a look at this multiple choice question from the AP u.s. History exam practice booklet and trying out some strategies for making good choices as you go through these questions the first thing we did was really dive into the specifics of what was happening in both of these quotes who Jenn James Henry Hammond is he's governor South Carolina who was in favor of slavery in the mid 19th century who is giving some religious reasons and reasons of kindness for why slavery was a institution sanctioned by God in society and Frederick Douglass famous abolitionist who's saying that slavery is the great sin and shame of America so our first step was analyzing the documents and then our second step was to read each of our questions really carefully and both the questions and the possible answer choices you need to give them your full attention because you might skip over an important word that makes the meaning different than what you thought it was at first glance the third thing we're doing is going through each of the options and deciding whether or not it's a possible before eliminating it so let's try that example of a multiple choice question related to these documents the language used in both excerpts most directly reflects the influence of which of the following so they're specifically asking us about the language that means the words that they're using they're phrases not maybe they're political positions or the ideas that they're trying to get across but specifically the words and we're looking for the influence of one of these four ideologies okay option a the Second Great Awakening hmm alright well I'm gonna say that's a religious movement of some kind and they both talked about God and the relationship between slavery and Christianity so I'm gonna leave that as it possible all right what about states rights imagine that both these people would have had very different ideas about states rights but I'm not sure that's what they're talking about in these examples because Hammond is talking about the duty of slave owners to be kind and maybe the religious reasons why God has made the institution of slavery in his opinion and Douglass is talking about how slavery is against the Bible and against the idea of Liberty so neither of em is particularly concerned with the political issue of states rights here so I think we can cross that one out all right manifest destiny manifest destiny was this idea that the United States had a divine mission to occupy the North American continent from Atlantic to Pacific while they both kind of talked about ideas of divinity I don't think they're interested in any kind of pioneering right this is more connected to the American West than it is to any idea about slavery so I think we can get rid of that all right option D American nationalism well I think Douglass is if anything he's kind of saying that slavery challenges American nationalism well I guess he talks about it then maybe a nationalist view of the idea of Liberty would say that slavery is a sin and a shame so that's that's possible for Douglass but what about for Hammond he's really making cultural and religious arguments for slavery not any argument about how slavery enhances the American nation so I'm gonna cross that one out too that leaves us with the Second Great Awakening and I think that is a good answer because both of them are making religious arguments they're saying that God would have liked or would not have liked slavery so their language does reflect our own interest in religion we'll do some other examples in other videos but I think the big takeaway from this is don't worry about having every idea and every fact about American history stored away in your brain somewhere instead understand that what this exam is really going for is finding out whether you have a good overall idea of what happened in American history and who might have supported which idea and trust your instincts they're usually right the point is not to test you on some obscure outlier but rather to get a sense that you know what you're talking about in each era of history and the general idea of what was going on so use that to your advantage understand the big underlying themes and don't worry about the little ticky-tack details you know what you're doing
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