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hey I'm Tim and welcome to our AP US history live study session at Khan Academy so the exam is this Friday May 5th and I would like to take some time with you over the next hour to talk through some of the major ideas that will kind of help you manage the exam so I am a former US history professor I got my PhD in US history and then taught at the college level for eight years so I've kind of been on the opposite side of this seeing what students are like when they come into college having taken the AP exam now before this livestream started I looked through your chats and it seems like a lot of you are really nervous about the exam and so I just wanted to share with you that I have been a reader for the AP exam I went to Louisville with all the other teachers about a thousand people go to read these exams every year and I met all of the people who grade the exams we sit together it takes about eight days everybody reads about 6,000 exams and what I want you to know about that is that the people who are reading these exams are your teachers they're ordinary people who teach history and I think we have this sense that teachers are reading these exams and thinking remember where can I find a place to take off points and it's completely the opposite of that the teachers who are reading these exams are rooting for you they are giving you every possible opportunity to score points they're looking for a chance to give you a point for anything so just keep in mind when you're writing these that you're not writing them for grumpy people who are looking down on you you are writing them for your teachers who want you to succeed and they're going to help you succeed however they can all right so that said I first want to tell you a little bit about some other resources that we have at Khan Academy to help you prepare for the exam in case you want to do a little bit more than just sit here with me so one of the first things is that at Khan Academy we've put together a complete resource with articles and exercises and videos from every part of US history so what's most important about this for you is that we have practice quizzes for every period from Native American societies before contact to the US after 2000 so and see that I actually need to do a little bit more studying here I've only gone through seven of these myself but if you are just wondering how am i doing is there something that I could do to do a little bit of extra preparation to make sure that I've got my ducks in a row check out the quizzes and the second thing is a guide to the US history exam where I go through some very detailed examples of how to tackle these questions so I'm going to do that a little bit today but if you're hoping to see some other examples you're wishing you could do this just a few more times to feel confident check out our exam practice section and I will take you through some more questions on the long essay the DBQ short answer multiple choice and hopefully that will help you get a little bit more confident about your skills okay so what are we doing today here is our preview of coming events so I'm going to take about an hour talking with you and I'm going to go pretty much step-by-step through the exam will first talk about multiple choice questions tips and strategies and then short answer questions and then we'll talk about the long essay question and then if we have time I'd like to do a little primary document analysis and try to help you use that primary document analysis to think about how you might strategize at the DBQ so I want to encourage you throughout the session to ask questions that you might have I'm going to pause in between each of these sections to answer some questions and then hopefully we'll leave a little time at the end to answer any general questions you might have about the exam all right sound good okay let's start at the multiple-choice section so I've got some practice questions for us here and these are official practice set questions from the College Board and all right so here is a typical multiple-choice question from the AP u.s. History exam and what is important about this is that every single multiple-choice question will have some kind of what they call stimulus material with it and so the stimulus material might be something like a photograph like this or a graph a map a set of quotes so it will be a primary document that kind of serves as the background for the question and I think what's really nice about this is that unlike the old AP u.s. History exam this one is not so much just kind of like a laundry list of facts that you're supposed to memorize in fact the whole AP u.s. History exam is designed to kind of reward you for having a sense of what's going on in each historical time period and being able to reason from that so if you're panicking about how you're supposed to memorize all the names and dates and places and important people from 500 years of history stop panicking and just to think about overall themes so some important overall themes might be like the Gilded Age that was a time when there was a lot of wealth inequality and immigration and maybe industrialization so if you have that kind of sense of what the major themes and ideas were from each time period that's really going to help you on the exam because you'll be able to use that intuition for history to help you answer questions with reason instead of just memorization okay so here is our first question and it's based on this stimulus material of a photograph and this photograph is by the journalist Jacob Riis and it's from the late 19th century okay so that's pretty much all the information that they give us now you may have heard of Jacob Riis before he was I think one of the first muckraking photographers muckraker there we go and if you remember your muckrakers they were the journalists who tried to expose bad working conditions or corruption and industry or politics and he's from the late 19th century and what is this photograph telling us well I think if we just take some time to examine it we can tell that it's a whole lot of people in fact if I count there's one two three four five at least six people this might be somebody's legs so six or seven people in a pretty small room and you can tell the room is pretty dirty and dingy and it doesn't look like a nice place to hang out basically alright so we've we've noticed some things about our primary documents so let's look at the questions themselves all right so I think one thing that is really important about this exam all the way through is that you need to read the questions really carefully because the questions tell you a lot about what time period exam for example that you should be focusing on so if asks you a question about what happened in the Great Depression you want to make sure that you're not talking about something from the Gilded Age or the post-war era so especially make sure that you're in the right time period but also read to make sure there aren't any kind of little tricks in the questions because they can be there all right so it says conditions like those shown in the image contributed most directly to which of the following so conditions I think that they're talking about the dirty room dirty overcrowded room and this is where I would kind of go through the process of elimination so let's read each of the answers and decide whether we think it's a candidate if it's not we'll cross it out all right so conditions shown in the image contributed most directly to which of the following all right the passage of laws restricting immigration to the United States okay I don't know about that one so I'm going to leave it for now an increase in progressive reform activity all right well that is a good candidate because we remember that Jacob Riis was a muckraker a decline in efforts to Americanize immigrants I don't think that's a good choice because I don't think there were many declines and efforts to Americanize immigrants usually that the melting pot was the way that people thought about that and then the weakening of labor unions such as the American Federation of Labor right well I assume that these are working people but it doesn't really say anything about labor unions so I'm going to cross that one out all right so that leaves us with two the passage of laws restricting immigration to the United or an increase in progressive reform activity well I think the laws are going to happen but maybe not for a little while in fact I don't think those happen until after World War one so I think that an increase in progressive reform activity is our best answer here so we know that these are people who are in bad conditions and Jacob Riis is exposing them he's a muckraker who's trying to improve things so I think it's a good answer with be cool all right let's try the other one the conditions shown in the image depict which of the following trends in the late 19th century alright so we are looking at conditions and also depicting trends alright so this shows us what something was like in the time period all right so the growing gap between rich and poor alright I think that is a possible definitely okay the rise of the settlement house and populist movements hmm well the settlement houses we're trying to make things nicer for immigrants and the populace I believe were mostly farmers so I'm going to cross that out increased corruption in urban politics I don't think so I don't think we're looking at anything political here and then migration of african-americans to the north in the late 19th century well I don't think most of the men shown in this picture or african-americans so I'm gonna take that one off all right and that leaves us with the growing gap between rich and poor I think that's a good answer to because we can see that these people are facing a great deal of poverty and we know that from this time period there are people kind of working in factories trying to deal with a growing wealth gap so I'm going to go with a all right so how do you feel about the multiple choice we do another example of multiple choice or do you want to move on to the short answer questions what do you all think [Music] alright so I think maybe let's move on to short answer but I do want to give you an opportunity to ask any questions you might have about multiple choice section anything all right let's do let's do a short answer and you might have more questions about that because I think it is a touch trickier okay so here is a typical short answer question and you'll notice a couple things about it one is that it has three parts so in each of these questions you're going to have a sheet of paper it will just be kind of the front of one side of a page and in that you should answer all three parts here so Part A Part B and Part C and you should answer them in complete sentences you don't have to make it a beautiful paragraph you can just kind of write a B and C which I'm going to do but make sure that in this a B and C you do include full sentences all right so using the graph above answer a B and C so it looks like we have a bar graph that include that is talking about immigration to the United States by decade from 1820 to 1859 alright so this is good to know right because this is before the Civil War and it's not until after the Civil War that we're going to get the really big explosion and immigration that we see with the new immigrants coming from Southern and Eastern Europe all right and it's in millions all right so pretty pretty good amount all right so a briefly explain how one major historical factor contributed to the change depicted on the graph alright so it looks like the change depicted on the graph is that there's a fairly high trend of increasing immigration I'm not a mathematician but it looks like the rate is increasing over time so we need to talk about one factor that contributed to an increase in immigration from the early part of 1800s to the mid a 1800s we need to explain one specific historical effect that resulted from the change and another specifical specific historical effect all right so we need one factor and two effects so what I want to emphasize here is that there are many right answers to this question you could come up with probably five or ten different things that would count is either a factor or an effect here and any of those is okay there isn't a single right answer so I would play to your strengths if you remember something about this use it so okay one major historical factor all right well if you if you have any ideas feel free to shout them out in the comments I'm going to say all right so major factor leading to increase in immigration before the Civil War I think there's a big one here that you probably would know well and I would say that would be like the Irish potato famine right so what are some of the reasons that people are coming to the United States and larger numbers Irish potato famine was kind of a call that like a push factor something that was pushing people from Europe to come to the United States there were also political revolutions right the revolutions of 1848 that sent a lot of German immigrants to the United States so I'm just kind of outlining this here but remember you want to do this in full sentences so another thing you might talk about would be the fact that there were a lot of jobs to be had right as US industrial production started to ramp up there were a lot of opportunities for people to come from Europe or elsewhere in the world to work in the United States so I think that would also be a good a good answer all right let's talk about our effects alright so something that this caused I think a big one here would be kind of an increase in anti-immigrant sentiment or nativist sentiment and if you wanted to give a specific example you could say something like the rise of the know-nothing party right those were a whole political party that was based on a nativist sentiment know-nothing party and then another effect let's see we could say you know this was one of the things that led to the early temperance movement you know there was a sense that new immigrants to the United States like the Irish were drinking too much and that it was important to curb drinking see anything else that we could talk about maybe oh I would say how about divisions between the north and the south remember this is before the Civil War so all of the immigrants coming in to the north who are working in industrial jobs really change the system of labor even more starkly to say the North was industrial and then the South was based on slave labor so you could say that this was something that led to a more divided nation before the Civil War all right all right so I'm seeing one question saying what's the difference between a historical factor and a historical affect it's a good question so I think what they're we're asking here is a factor it's kind of something that goes before so something that led up to an event so what was a factor that led up or cause something to happen and then effect would be something that happened after the fact I'm seeing another question that says what wouldn't be a good example for this this question a bad example answer I would say one thing that you might be really tempted to do here is talk about something after the Civil War because when you think about immigration to the United States I think we tend to focus on that 1880 1920 period when more than a million people were coming per year so make sure that if you're talking about immigration you realize that this is earlier than when we would think of safe many people coming from Russia or from Italy all right other questions about this okay what's the best option if you can't think of an answer hmm I would say that if you're stuck for an answer take a moment to just kind of brainstorm what's going on in this time period all right so we know this is 1820 to 1860 so this is kind of our we call antebellum period so it's kind of before the Civil War at the time that we think of kind of a lot of US history coming together as a political force so just say to yourself okay like what's going on in this time period and you might say something like oh yeah wasn't that at the time that there were lots of like canals and railroads built right the market revolution or wasn't that the time with the women's rights movement or it's before the Civil War so there's probably some kind of conflict about slavery going on in the United States because there was pretty much always some kind of conflict going on politically about slavery so just consider how this might have contributed to one of the major themes or important ideas of the era and then maybe you can find something that would connect up with that cool all right so we also have some just questions about form so do you have to restate the question in your answer and how long should the answer be you do not although sometimes it just it's just helpful to do that because it kind of gives you a basis for your question so it's not required but if you're nervous and you're just trying to think about what to write maybe you just write the answer with the question the beginning of it and then how long I would say probably just a sentence or so for each part so I would say just just kind of get to the meat of it so you'd say like for example one major historical factor that led to an increase in immigration before the Civil War was a what were pull fuh were push factors from Europe for example the Irish potato famine which made it very difficult for Irish people to continue to survive in Ireland so they emigrated to the United States done I been reading these I would often sum I would often find people who wrote an entire page but never mentioned anything specific and that was very frustrating because you knew that they had spent a lot of time writing but they never mentioned a fact and so it was hard to give them a point so throughout this entire exam I think the best thing you can do for yourself is mention a specific example and then explain how it relates explain what it is and how it relates all right so that is one short answer question should we try another short answer or would you like to move on to the long essay question alright I'm seeing that the the consensus is to move on so let's head to the long essay question if I can find it now I'm getting close okay so this is a typical long essay question from the exam so let me tell you a little bit about the timing for these exams so the first part of the exam that we just talked about section 1 has the multiple-choice section and the short answer question questions and for that you get an hour and 45 minutes and that's 55 multiple-choice questions and for short answer questions I'm not sure if you're allowed to move on to the short answers right away I honestly don't know you might have to check that out but I would say you know budget may be a minute or so per multiple-choice question and then move on to the short answer questions and maybe budget about five minutes apiece for those see how that gets you alright so after section one is section 2 and section 2 is the essay portion and there's a long essay question and there's a DBQ and the DBQ is the document based question I think you usually do the document based question first and that section is also an hour and 45 minutes long they start out by giving you a 15 minute reading period just to check out the documents and the DBQ but it's about the same amount of time for writing okay so let's think about the long essay question and then I will turn to some of your other questions about periods and just like a general review okay alright so this is a long essay question and it says evaluate the extent to which the ratification of the 14th and 15th amendments to the Constitution marked a turning point in the history of the United States politics and Society in the development of your argument what changed and what stayed the same from the period immediately before the amendments to the appear the period immediately following them alright so how would we go about answering this question I think the first thing that I would do would just be to brainstorm some things that you can talk about so off the top of my head I would say all right so we're talking about the 14th and 15th amendments and if you recall the 14th is equal protection under the law an equal citizenship for african-american men and then the 15th amendment was the right to vote for african-american men okay so what else what might we talk about just general facts I would say I mean since we're already talking about the 14th and 15th amendments we might talk about the 13th which was the end of slavery we might talk about Jim Crow laws we might talk about the KKK or Black Codes C we could talk about Supreme Court cases like Plessy vs. Ferguson or the Dred Scott case all right so what I would do then is just kind of get a sense of what these all tell me like is there a is there a theme among these so in case you are struggling with the time period here remember the 14th and 15th amendments were kind of right after the Civil War so around about like 1870 13th was right at the end of civil war at 1865 so our question would be was the granting of equal citizenship and the vote for african-american men actually a turning point or not so much so it seems like there are some good things to start with here right there's the end of slavery there's equal citizenship but then things kind of start to go pear-shaped right you have the implementation of Jim Crow laws Plessy versus Ferguson a court case that legalized separate but equal accommodations legalized segregation and the KKK you had a group that was dedicated to terrorizing African Americans and their white allies terrorizing Republicans in the south so if I had to say whether they were a turning point my my feeling would be that I would want to say that they marked a turning point kind of on paper turning point paper but none of these aspects of civil rights and equal voting rights were actually protected in real life so it was on paper but not in reality all right so I think that kind of counts as our thesis statement and then we might want to talk about politics and society and we want to talk about what changed and what stayed the same so politics and society and remember we're making this argument that it's a turning point on paper but not in reality so I think that's actually a good way of structuring your essay where you might talk about what seemed like a turning point or at least a turning point on paper was not really a turning point because none of these statutes were actually enforced okay so if I started with an intro I would say let's see see there's a question about how we should approach writing an intro that's a good question I mean being flowery never hurts right I would just kind of maybe give some context to the time period and say you know there had been 200 years of slavery in the United States up until this point and the civil war with things like the Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment seemed as though they were really important points in African American citizenship that this was going to be the time and it really didn't seem like that early on there were important moves forward like the 14th amendment and the 15th amendment but by the end of the 19th century Jim Crow was the law of the land and a lot of the the advances that have been made on paper had very little tangible meaning for african-american citizens because they still experienced relatively little change in status then before the 14th and 15th amendment okay so if I wanted that to be my intro and my thesis statement then I might write a paragraph about politics and one about society where I could say something about how before the Civil War so this is our turning point before civil war decisions like Dred Scott said that African Americans weren't citizens at all but the 14th and 15th amendment were a brief moment where African Americans had the right to vote African American men and they had equal protection under the law but at the end of Reconstruction when the northern military forces stopped occupying the south white Democrats or often known as the Redeemers or the redemption era retook political power in the south and that was kind of the end of the African American political voice until the civil rights movement the end of the vote and then we might talk about Society where say before the Civil War slavery most you might talk about slave codes for example that said it was all right to kill an enslaved person you know you had no legal recourse for the murder of your family member if you were enslaved so something that said that you know slaves really had no status in society and the 14th amendment was a moment that said all right well you should have doodoo protection under the laws should matter if someone murders you for example but by the late 19th century you had Lynch law for example where African Americans who were killed by white mobs really there there was no justice for that or the KKK here and you could even say things like Plessy vs. Ferguson really showed that African Americans were still second-class citizens because it legalized separate but equal accommodations so the last thing that you want to do in these long essays is what's called synthesis you get a special point for this and that means that you kind of draw you draw a parallel with some other time in the United States some other time some other theme something that's a little outside your essay that you might say yeah this is relevant and I think a good example of that here might be something like the civil rights movement you could say you know the 14th and 15th amendments weren't much of a turning point but you could suggest for example that the the Montgomery bus boycott was a real turning point because it showed that if African Americans organized together that they could effect change on the system of Jim Crow so kind of take something from a different time period a different idea could even use something from outside the history of the United States if you know something about that and kind of extend your argument a little bit ok so yeah and then I would conclude and you know your conclusion can really just be a restatement of what you said it doesn't have to be anything special oh and the other the only other thing I should mention is that your thesis statement really needs to be either in your introduction or your conclusion so any you have to put it in one of those paragraphs and that's just to make it really obvious to the readers where it is so that they're not kind of just looking through your essay wondering is that a thesis statement in fact you could probably underline it if you wanted to and that might that might help as well okay so I'm seeing one question about this says is there a specific formula to follow for the structure of the essay I wouldn't say that you have to do it a certain way I think there are a couple of tried-and-true ways to do this sort of essay one is your very standard five paragraph essay where you would write an intro and a conclusion and three body paragraphs and each of those body paragraphs might address something like differences in politics differences in society differences in gender roles for example and then you conclude you can also do something more like a four paragraph essay and that works pretty well if you're kind of comparing and contrasting something and so you might do one paragraph where you compare and contrast something before a certain time period and one paragraph where you compare contrast something after a certain time period so I wouldn't I wouldn't force yourself to do the five paragraph essay if that just doesn't seem like it would work but if you're just feeling lost and you think how should I do this five paragraph is a good place to start okay I see one question that asks how much does spelling and grammar and punctuation matter the answer is not much at all because this is something that they know is written off the top your head it's just supposed to be kind of a first draft now I will say that if you spell something so abominably bad that there's just no way of telling what what you're saying you're probably not going to do yourself any favors but you don't need to write the most beautiful essay ever here it doesn't need to be a final draft that you've gone through you know multiple revisions it really is supposed to be something that's more or less written off the top of your head so it does not need to be beautiful it does not need to be perfect in fact it's even okay for you to have some minor errors as long as those factual errors aren't you know deeply tied to what your your essay is all about for example and another thing that you should know is that all of the points are scored independently of each other so even if you don't do well on the thesis and they don't want to give you a point for that that doesn't mean you can't still get points for all the evidence or synthesis so it's not like you have to kind of rack up one to get the other they're all scored on their own cool all right so we've got about 20 minutes left I was thinking we might do a primary source analysis for a few minutes and I wanted to do this a little bit in lieu of the DBQ because the DBQ is just really big and I think it would take up our entire hour if we tried to do the DBQ so I wanted to take a look at a primary source with you and kind of take you through how you might analyze a primary source and that kind of primary source analysis will be the thing that really gets you through the DBQ so pardon me um the DBQ is an essay very similar to the long essay except that they're going to provide you with seven primary documents and you're going to need to work but one of those into your answer somehow so what you should do I think as you go through and you read these primary documents in preparation for the DBQ is analyze each one as you go along and there's a useful acronym for this and many of you might have seen this in your AP class your teacher may have said this to you and it's called soapstone you have any soapstone love out there substyle okay and this is an acronym that just kind of helps you remember what you might look at in a primary document and so soapstone stands for speaker occasion I spell that audience purpose subject and tone soapstone all right so the primary documents that you read might be political cartoons they might be maps they might be quotes from individuals they could be posters so I was thinking it might be interesting if we did as our primary document the Vietnam War Memorial so I guess it's kind of a sculpture so if we do this speaker alright Levesque may be a tough one to answer we could say that maybe the speaker here is the architect and if you're familiar with this at all the architect was Maya Lin and she was just I think in her early 20s when she came up with the design of the Vietnam Memorial and the occasion was I was finished in 1982 so it wasn't very long at all after the war ended so the occasion I guess here is to memorialize those who fought and died in the Vietnam War so her audience I guess would be people who came to visit maybe veterans or folks who had lost people in the war her purpose again kind of that memorialization to give people a place to maybe grieve or feel proud of the people who had fought in the war and then the subject is the war the veterans people who lost their lives and then the tone I would say its kind of somber respectful it's even kind of quiet I really like this this Memorial if you've never actually been to see this memorial highly recommend it it's beautiful it's very long and everything is organized by year the people who are killed in action or missing in action and as you can see here it's also reflective so you can kind of go and see the names maybe if someone that you might have lost but also see yourself reflected in those you can kind of see here that people also leave things at the memorial so it has this sense that you can kind of interact with it or that maybe it's like a proxy for getting to talk to your loved one so if I saw this on a DBQ I would see it maybe as an example of how people tried to come to terms with the Vietnam War which is a very unpopular war might be an example of some of the controversy over the war so you might then use that in an essay that's about for example I don't know us the u.s. involvement in overseas battles against communism for example and show how that was a very difficult period coming to terms with that after the war so for every document in the DBQ you want to mention something I guess at least four of the documents in the DBQ you want to talk about the the point of view of the author their purpose for writing the context in which they wrote and there's one more I'm trying to remember and and their purpose the way and their point of view context audience purpose that's what I'm missing audience so kind of identify those okay all right so I've got a bunch of questions about the DBQ here some people are asking which period the DBQ will cover the answer is I don't know usually the essays will cover more than one period I believe but neither of them nothing on the exam will concentrate exclusively on the period before 1607 or the period after 1980 because those are kind of less emphasized periods in u.s. history just because we don't have quite as much about them so I think the bulk of what you'll see on the exam is material that's after 1607 so start of Jamestown and before 1980 so end of Vietnam okay um and I see one question that says how many documents should we include in the DBQ and the answer is you should include six of them they'll be seven mints on there and you can include all but one other things what should we focus on most when writing dbq's well I think the thing that I would say you want to focus on throughout the exam is using specific evidence and that means instead of saying there were some protests before the American Revolution you might want to say something like the Boston Tea Party right so name something specific and then describe or explain what that is so you're not just name dropping Boston Tea Party you're saying that was an event in 1773 I think possibly 1774 in which a group of the Sons of Liberty dumped tea in protest of taxes on tea you don't you don't need to know the date I'm just hoping that I know that one dumped tea and then connect it back up to your thesis connect it up would say and that shows that there was an increasing amount of tension between the colonies and the Crown's so use the names the specific names of things to show that you have a command of important events and people then actually say what those things are and then connect them back up to your thesis and I think if you if you did that across the exam you'd be very well placed to do quite well all right so other things we've got people asking if there are study guides and there are at the beginning of this program I shared some ap review that we have on Khan Academy it's under the I think it's just general ap strategies and skills and there I have more videos where I talk about how to do these these essays in detail but I also have a study sheet there that outlines the major themes important takeaways from each period so if you want to go take a look at that I think that's a really good just overall sense of what's happening and that's broken down by themes so things like American national identity work in exchange so just kind of like a sense of what was going on and work in exchange alright um anything else what should you focus on memorizing in this week besides the amendments I honestly I would go back to the like the general gist of things and that would just be to say okay in period two right this is the 1607 to 1754 just a sense like yeah there were some colonies happening and the colonies had different reasons for being founded different ways of organizing their societies you might say yeah I remember that the the English were more into trying to have religious refuge whereas the Spanish for more into trying to get gold and do that for each of the periods just break it down into a few important things that you want to take away then stop worrying about memorization I think anything else okay tips for document citation I think you can actually just say like in document one in the DBQ you don't need to quote from the documents at length you might just say like in document three Barbara Ehrenreich talks about the importance of good cancer treatment it was just something off the top of my head so you don't need to go into like a full chicago-style citation or put every single thing that is included on the explanation of what that is in the DBQ and your essay I would just kind of make a gesture tore it toward the the author and their subject all right all right basic fall backs if you don't know something about a particular period you know I think there are some large things that go across American history like things that are characteristic of American history perhaps and that might be you know the United States up until the about the turn of the 20th century tended to be isolationist in their foreign policy so before then you can pretty much be sure that that was all of the United States was they were not interested in Foreign Wars and you can kind of have a big sense like after World War Two the United States wanted to defeat communism so they got into many wars abroad with the goal of containing communism so I think they're yeah there's there's some broad strokes that carry across time periods and your instinct there is probably good all right oh okay can you go over how to get the contextualization point and that's on the DBQ I'm assuming so the contextualization point on the DBQ is I think similar to what your introduction might be and that is just kind of setting the stage for what's going on so for example the DBQ last year I believe was about the rise of the women's rights movement and so you could kind of set to this stage there I think it was from 1945 to 1970 so it's after World War two so that would be a place where you would say for example well during World War Two many women worked in factories and they had the experience to earn wages for themselves for the first time they found that very liberating and then you know after the war many of them lost their jobs and white women went back to the suburbs and many african-american women and minority women had to go back to prior occupations that weren't as well-paid and so over the course of the 1950's more and more discontent bred so that's it's kind of showing that you know something about this period and about this topic outside of just what the documents tell you all right anything else general tips for time management on the exam I think this is something where practice helps and knowing yourself a bit helps I am I think I'm a fast writer myself but I'm a slow planner so knowing that it's not going to take me as long to write something down means that I can spend a little bit more time planning but you might find that you're the opposite you can plan super fast but you know you want to take some more time to write so maybe use a little bit about what you know of your own learning style and then also you're not going to be on your own during the exam the Proctor's will tell you how much time you have left and they'll also say during the the essay portion at this point it might be a good idea to move on to the second essay so given the amount of experience that they have in the I would trust their judgment alright well I think we're at about the end of our time here I'm so glad that you took the time to join me and I'm really rooting for you on the exam let me know how it goes and again if you have any questions or concerns about the AP exam check out our Khan Academy resources I read the comments in those all the time so I will probably answer you if you leave a comment on any of those articles or videos and I also wanted to let you know that we'll be doing another live stream pretty soon and it will be in a couple of weeks with our SAT tutor Eric so we'll be doing a live SAT prep on on SAT material in just a couple weeks so thank you again so much good luck on the exam and let me know how it goes you
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