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AP.Chem:
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Video transcript

now the last type of bond I'm going to talk about is known as the metallic bond which I think I know a little bit about because I was the lead singer of a metallic bond in high school and I'll talk about that in future videos but let's just take one of our metallic atoms here so iron is a good example iron is maybe one of the most referred to metals and so let's say we have a bunch of iron atoms so fe f e f e f e i hope you can read that these are all iron atoms and if they're just atoms by themselves they're going to be neutral but when they are mushed together they will form a metallic bond makes sense because they're metals and what's interesting about metallic bonds I'll draw it down here is that metals like to share their electrons with the other metals it kind of forms the sea of electrons so what it can look like is each of the irons lose an electron I'll draw it a little bit bigger so let's say this is Fe plus so it has a positive charge Fe plus has a positive charge Fe plus these are all iron ions you can imagine f e + and we're imagining that they have this positive charge because they've all contributed an electron to this sea of electrons so you have an electron here which has a negative charge and electrons are not this big but this is just so that you can see it the electron here that has a negative charge and so you can imagine these positive ions are attracted to the sea of negativity the sea of negative electrons another way to think about it is is that metals when they bond in metallic bonds they will have overlapping valence electrons and those valence electrons are not fixed to just one of the atoms they can move around and this is what gives metals many of the characteristics we associate with metals it conducts electricity because these electrons can move around quite easily and makes them malleable you can bend it easily you can imagine these iron ions in this pudding or this sea of electrons so you and it doesn't break well if you were to take a bar of a salt right over here and if you were to try to bend it it's very rigid it is going to break so there we have it the types of bonds it's important to realize that you can view it as something of a spectrum at one end you have things like ionic bonds where one character swipes an electron from another character and says hey but now we're attracted to each other and you get something like salt or you have covalent bonds where we outright share electrons and then you have things in between covalent bonds and ionic bonds where the sharing is not so equal and you get polar covalent bonds and then another form I guess you could say of extreme sharing is the metallic bonds where you just have this communal sea of electrons
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