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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:46

Video transcript

we've now seen the Nazis come to power in 1933 and by mid 1933 they're the only allowed party in Germany and Hitler is fundamentally the dictator of Germany but they aren't happy with just that consolidated power they want to ensure that they stay in power and so as we get into 1934 they continue to consolidate their power and now more directly start eliminating their opponents and when I say eliminating they're actually directly killing these individuals and there's an entire Nazi power apparatus that is at play but the three figures here are the ones that are most notable other than Hitler this is Joseph Goebbels who's the head of Nazi propaganda Hermann Goering who is the head of the Nazi secret police the Gestapo which later goes under the control of the SS under Heinrich Himmler he is a major player in the rearmament of Germany for war footing he eventually heads the Luftwaffe which is the German air force during World War two you have Heinrich Himmler who's the head of the shoots staffel more famously known as the SS with Susan which is a paramilitary group of the Nazi Party used to intimidate and eliminate as we'll see their opponents and they are also responsible for the execution of the actual the planning and the execution of the actual Holocaust and so as we get into 1934 Hitler is eager to eliminate more of his opponents and we're not just talking about opponents outside of the Nazi Party we're also talking about rivals within the Nazi Party and the most notable of these was Ernst Roehm who as you see in this picture was clearly a Nazi he was head of the storm battalion or the SA which was the the paramilitary group that the SS splintered out of and it was it was far more independent than Hitler would have liked and it was not popular amongst the German people because of its violence and Hitler and his lieutenants viewed Rome as a potential rival to Hitler's authority within the Nazi Party and so in 1934 June 30th in particular or we could say June 30th to July 2nd you have what's called the night of the Long Knives and it really should be called the nights of the Long Knives but the night of the Long Knives we're under the pretext under the pretext of a of a supposed coup d'etat on the pooched on the part of Ernst röhm they are that you have the SS and the Gestapo starts rounding up Rome his allies and any perceived enemies of Hitler starts rounding them off and eliminating them and shooting them Ernst Roehm is arrested and when he refuses to kill himself in his Jane's jail cell he is shot at point-blank range Gregor Strasser who was a former rival of Hitler within the Nazi Party he is eliminated Kurt von Schleicher who is a previous Chancellor of Germany perceived as a rival to Hitler he and his wife are gunned down Gustav Ritter von Gustav ritter von Kahr who is in no way anymore a rival to Hitler but he was one of the major actors for putting down the beer hall pooched the failed Beer Hall Putsch of 1923 he is hacked he is hacked to get death and these are just four of the more notable folks in on those few nights over 85 major officials in Germany were eliminated and as we'll see this is just the beginning of the consolidation of Nazi power and now they are doing it through extra legal means