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Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch

Created by Sal Khan.

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  • blobby green style avatar for user Dome Tancharoen
    How happened about the African and Asian people in Germany during Jews exterminating period? They are look more different from Germans than Jews.

    When I was taking a guide tour in Berlin, the guide told us about killed lesbians , that the number of killed lasbians are unknown because SS considered them as nothing. This story made me think about "what about African and Asian? were they considered as nothing as well"

    I have been trying to find the answer of this question for a while but I cannot find the proper one.

    I found some documents said that there were some Africans and Asians in Nazi army!! some go to work camps, some were killed. Quite confusing.
    (13 votes)
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    • aqualine ultimate style avatar for user DrSheldonCooper
      Well you must remember, during WWII the Germans were allies with Japan. They wouldn't dare kill Japanese people as that would cause them to lose their ally in the Pacific. I don't believe they liked blacks, but that is an area of which I am not all that familiar. My best guess would be they started off killing them, but then when the war was nearing their close they were running out of men to fight so they turned to blacks for help. With a choice between assured death or fighting in the army, the choice would have been easy.
      (6 votes)
  • male robot donald style avatar for user David (TD)
    What if Hitler became an artist like he wanted to?
    Would it have thwarted the rise of the Nazis, at least for a time?
    (7 votes)
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  • spunky sam green style avatar for user Bob The Cucumber
    How many tries were there to kill Hitler?
    (8 votes)
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  • leaf green style avatar for user Ian Sunday
    What is the definition of Reich?
    (11 votes)
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    • blobby green style avatar for user MZ
      With all due respect to the other comments to this question, I wish to mention as a native speaker of the German language that "Reich" best translates to "empire", meaning a nation with imperial ambitions.

      As a side note for other comments:
      The English word "nation" is "Nation" in German and has the same connotation.
      The English word "kingdom" means "Königreich" in German and also has the same connotation.
      (2 votes)
  • leafers ultimate style avatar for user Navid
    What was the attitude of the Nazis to Muslims? I read a novel named "Fatelessness" so it got me thinking.
    (7 votes)
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  • piceratops ultimate style avatar for user Ilija Kocić
    I simply don't understand how German folks approved of Adolf's anti-semitic behavior, I understand hatred towards a certain type of people, but this is irrational. I mean he didn't have a problem with jewish people if they weren't in Germany, couldn't he just shipped them out on a remote place, maybe murder was cheaper after all. I don't know, i just don't buy the "national interest" excuse, i think he had a personall hatred towards them because he had a bad expirience with some representatives of their race, or something, someone please clarify if there was jew who wronged him somehow during his life prior to the rise of the nazi's please enlighten me. Thank you for taking time to read my question!
    (4 votes)
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    • blobby green style avatar for user Alecroth14
      The Jews were already persecuted long before Hitler was persecuting them. The differences that they have with other Europeans were considered "bad" or "unnatural" at the time and sometimes were punished by prejudice and antisemitism before any governmental involvement happened. Hitler needed a scape-goat to blame, and he saw one fit. He also had an Idea of a Pure German race, and so he conducted his plan the way he did to remove them from his gene pool and to keep moral high inside Nazi Germany.
      (3 votes)
  • primosaur ultimate style avatar for user Alex Gillespie
    was Hitler born with such a disturbed mind or did something happen along the way?
    (1 vote)
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  • leaf blue style avatar for user R B
    What was the exact day of Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch?
    (3 votes)
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  • leafers ultimate style avatar for user Vishwam Chand
    Why did they meet in a beer hall? Politicians should have press conferences and stuff, right?
    (3 votes)
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    • blobby green style avatar for user T.H.M.
      Its Bavaria! All true Politicians have their headquarters in a beer house ;). But Seriously, Beer Halls were the hub of local social activity so it makes sense that the Nazis would meet there to stage their coup and try and get support. Also, it shows how unprofessional the Nazis were at this point, they were only a few thugs trying to gain support through public disturbances, not any serious political party.

      I hope his helps. :)
      (2 votes)
  • ohnoes default style avatar for user leotrikim
    What was the paramilitary of the Nazis back then, because I don't think the SS was made yet?
    (2 votes)
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Video transcript

Narrator: By the end of 1923, Hitler sees it as his chance to seize power in Germany. He's getting this popularity, the Nazis are getting this follower-ship because the Weimar Republic is falling apart. You have the hyperinflation, the German people feel insulted by this French occupation of the Ruhr region. It isn't just regular people who are starting to support the Nazis, it's very notable people as well. This right over here is General Ludendorff, we've already talked about him, he's one of the believers in the 'stab-in-the-back' theory that Germany would have won World War I if it wasn't stabbed in the back by the November Criminals who had taken control of the government during the revolution in October and November. He becomes a supporter of Hitler as well. In 1922 you have Mussolini come to power, this inspires Hitler. So, as we get in to November, Hitler sees this as his chance and the way that he wants to take control, is he wants to abduct or kidnap the leaders of the Bavarian region, and there's three of them, in particular at this time. Then from there, try to take control of the nation as a whole. So, in November of 1923 you have a gathering of the three gentlemen who are essentially in charge of Bavaria, a gathering of them and several thousand officials in Bavaria at a local beer hall in Munich. (writing) at a beer hall. Hitler sees this as the opportunity to take control. This is where he launches his Beer Hall Putsch, and I know I'm mispronouncing it, but Putsch literally means coup d'état, to try to overthrow the government. So, Hitler and his Nazi's the go to that Beer Hall meeting of the government officials, they surround it with their paramilitary group, their storm troopers, Hitler enters into the hall, gets on stage, shoots into the air twice and says, look this is the revolution, it is beginning. He forces the three leaders of Bavaria at gunpoint to pledge allegiance to the Nazi party and to this Putsch and to Hitler, in particular. Then things start to go a little bit ... get a little bit ... start to dissolve. As Hitler tries to address some issues that are going on outside, the members who they were going to kidnap are allowed to leave, you have chaos in the area amongst the Nazi's and, frankly, amongst the government throughout that evening, into that morning, at which point Hitler and his followers, and Ludendorff is one of them, decide to march (writing) decide to march into central Munich. All of this is happening ... all of this is happening in Munich, which is in Bavaria. They decide to march, and it's during that march that they have a confrontation with the official government troops. It's unclear who fired the first shot, but you do have an exchange of fire and during that exchange of fire, I've seen estimates of about 14-16 Nazi's are shot. A few days later ... and a few policemen, or a few soldiers are shot as well, and then a few days later Hitler is arrested. (writing) Hitler, Hitler is arrested. He's tried in early 1924 and then he is sentenced to jail, so all of his ambitions were lead to nothing. In jail, he still continued to develop his philosophy. He actually continued to develop his following. He spent roughly the second two-thirds of 1924, in 1924, he spent it in jail. (writing) 1924 was spent primarily in jail, but while he was in jail he had dictated his autobiography and his, frankly, his belief system in Mein Kampf, which literally means 'My struggle.' It's actually banned in many countries, it's not banned in the U.S. It does make for interesting reading because you get a sense for, on one level, how bizarre Hitler's brain was and how disturbed Hitler's brain was, but on the other side, you can appreciate that he was a very, he was a strong communicator. Even before any of this people would talk about how transfixing his eyes were, how much attention people paid to him when he would give a speech. You can even see this in his writing, and you can do a web search on it and you can get the entire text of Mein Kampf. It's disturbing and fascinating at the same time, but this is a little passage. In this passage, it gives you an idea of Hitler's view of why Germany was having these failures and what he, in his bizarrely disturbed mind, thought what the solution was. "If we pass all the causes of the German collapse "in review, the ultimate and most decisive "remains the failure to recognize the racial problem, "and especially the Jewish menace." He's blaming all of Hitler's difficulty on a racial problem and in particular on Jews. "The defeats on the battlefield in August 1918 "would have been child's play to bear. "They stood in no proportion to the victories "of our people. "It was not they that cause our downfall, "no, it was brought about by that power which "prepared these defeats by systematically, "over many decades, robbing our people of "the political and moral instincts and forces "which alone make nations capable, "and hence worthy of existence." If you read a lot of the other text, what he's talking about is this decades of, essentially, watering down their society, watering down their society with other people. If they didn't water it down, they say the defeats in the battlefield would've been child's play to bear. "In heedlessly ignoring the question "of the preservation of the racial foundations of our "nation, the old Reich disregarded the sole right "which gives life in this world." He views this racial, in his mind, racial impurity as the reason why Germany was facing all of this difficulty. As we'll see over the next few videos, this leads to one of the ugliest and bloodiest periods of human history.