19th century archaeologists sought evidence for Homer's epic poems. Instead they uncovered bronze-age art of the Cyclades, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans.

The art of the Cycladic Islands is best known for beautiful and enigmatic figures of varying sizes. Marbles once painted and with a strong abstract quality that attracted the attention of some of the leading artists of the 20th century.

The Mycenaean citadel on Mainland Greece stands high above the Aegean Sea surrounded by walls of stone so large they are called Cyclopean, as if only the mythic giant Cyclops could have moved them into place. The Bronze Age Mycenaeans were also renowned smiths, whose expertise is evident in the gold masks and jewelry found in the shafts below their grave circles.