Components of prokaryotic cells
- The plasma membrane is an outer covering that separates the cell’s interior from its surrounding environment.
- Cytoplasm consists of the jelly-like cytosol inside the cell, plus the cellular structures suspended in it. In eukaryotes, cytoplasm specifically means the region outside the nucleus but inside the plasma membrane.
- DNA is the genetic material of the cell.
- Ribosomes are molecular machines that synthesize proteins.