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Current time:0:00Total duration:6:12

Video transcript

in the last video we left off with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria the heir to the austro-hungarian Empire and so you could imagine the austro-hungarian Empire did not take that well they already did not enjoy the kingdom of Serbia trying to essentially provoke this nationalistic movement and they viewed them as this small little weak country right below them and so they use this to essentially issue an ultimatum essentially say look immediately bring all the people who did this to justice all the people who might have conspired with the governor princip's to create to allow this assassination attempt to occur and do it or else and accept full responsibility and actually the Serbians were the kingdom of Serbia was in no Meade was in no mood to get into a war with austria-hungary and so they tried their best to comply but their best wasn't enough so then July 28 a month later you have the Austrians declaring war on the Serbians Austria declares war declares war on Serbia now up until this point Austria the austro-hungarian Empire is thinking okay Serbia is a small little Kingdom here it has some ties and obviously it's a Slavic nation so it has some linguistic ties with the Russian Empire the Russian Empire also had some political ties to it but Russia is not going to get into a war with us over this we're justified in attacking them they've just killed the heir to our throne so where you're going to go in there Russia is probably not interested in actually creating a a larger a larger skirmish here that was a severe miscalculation on the part of the Russian on the part of the Austrians the Russians were not happy about this they felt close ties to the Serbians and they felt a need to protect the Serbians or you could argue that maybe they were they were they wanted to mobilize just to scare the Austrians whatever it might be whether it was Russia wanted to get into a war whether they were really looking to protect the Serbians or whether they were looking to mobilize to scare the Austrians from actually attacking the Russians began to mobilize so the the Russians began to gather their troops so the Russians Russians mobilize mobilize and now this is where all of the alliances start to come into effect if you go if you remember about the alliances we talked about several videos ago if you go to 1879 you have the dual alliance treaty between Germany and austria-hungary to protect each other fresh attacks and actually if if Russia attacks or mobilizes so now Germany is like hey I maybe I am obligated to protect austria-hungary from Russia you also have to remember in 1892 the Franco Russian military convention military assistance both ways in the attend in the event of attack so Germany sink and look you know I we signed this treaty and we to some degree are maybe eager for war because we've been militarizing so much and I can't just fight Russia I also know that France and Russia have this alliance right over here so Germany in quite surprising quickness decides to declare war on both so on August 1st on August 1st Germany declares war on Russia on Russia on Russia and then on August and then on August 3rd August August 3rd Germany declares war on France because they know or at least they feel that they can't declare war on only one of them and they wanted to do it very quickly because they didn't want Russia a chance to mobilize too much and the fact that they were able to do this so quickly I mean we're talking three was this is three days after Austria declares war on Serbia and then another two days to clear war in France kind of shows that Germany was already in a war footing it's not a joke - all of a sudden invade - or declare war on countries so Germany was essentially preparing for this and this this right over here gave them the excuse to essentially declare war so they declare war on both of these characters Germany against Russia Germany's declaring war on France now the easiest way for them to move into France so they are literally going on the offense here is for them to go through Belgium is for them is for them to go through Belgium but the Germans were aware they're aware that there's this 75 year old treaty the Treaty of London in 1839 article 7 said that Britain was to protect the neutrality of Belgium and Germany was in no interest to get into a war with the British the British had a powerful military especially a very powerful a very powerful Navy the Germans said hey let's just take on the Russians and the French from now for now and so they actually reached out to the British and said hey you know this little treaty that you got here from 1839 this 75 year old treaty you don't really take this seriously right I mean if we have to go through Belgium you're not really going to kind of hold hold true to this treaty and and the British said no we actually take that very seriously obviously the British had didn't want the Germans to be aggressive here the British didn't want the Germans to be able to invade France and so when in August in August for on August 4th August 4th when Germany essentially rolls through Belgium Germany invades Belgium to get to to get to France this gave the legal justification for the British to declare war on Germany a British British declare war on Germany and so in a matter of only I mean not even I mean we're talking a few months here from the assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria you essentially have all of the major powers of Europe and then as we'll see because they had these empires in in not too long most of the world is at war with each other