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Current time:0:00Total duration:5:34

Video transcript

we're now ready to talk about one of the most famous events in all of world history that really was the trigger for World War 1 or the Great War as it was called back then so this is a little bit of backdrop in 1908 the austro-hungarian Empire formally annexes formally annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina it had already been occupying it since the late 1800s since the Ottomans were being pushed out but then in 1908 it formally annexes it and just as a little bit more of backdrop as the Ottomans were being pushed out of the Balkans as the ottomans were being pushed out of the Balkans it helped rekindle or or bring about more hope of forming or of unifying the Yugo Slavic people the the southern Slavic people when people talk about Yugoslavia go Slav they're literally talking about the southern Slavs so that literally means southern so you had these nationalistic hopes but now in 1908 it was already being occupied a significant state that would be part of a potential future Yugoslavia next by the austro-hungarians now you also had an independent kingdom of Serbia right here and you could imagine that this was kind of the home base of the nationalistic movement if only we could add if only they could add the other southern Slavic states to this it could one day turn into a greater Yugoslavia so in that context we get to 1914 and so let me draw a little line here so we're getting to 1914 June 28 which is one of the most famous dates in all of history and you have the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie they're visiting Sarajevo which is now it's an annexed it's an annexed Bosnia and when they are there there is a ploy there is a scheme to assassinate them from a group they're called the young Bosnians they're there they have ties to the black hand which is kind of this this this nationalistic group that has ties many many people say I mean all of these things are all very shady and behind the behind-the-scenes but it has has ties to elements in the kingdom of Serbia they attempt to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand and it's actually a fascinating story because the initial assassination attempt is completely completely botched there's even one case of a guy one of the guys who tried to be an assassin when it gets botched he tries to bite on a cyanide capsule and then jump into a river the cyanide capsule had gone bad the river was only ten inches deep and so they were able to get their hands on him and one of the conspirators Gavrilo Princip at this point once the whole thing was botched he kind of gives up on the whole assassination attempt and he's having literally a sandwich at a cafe in Sarajevo kind of thinking about how botched their whole attempt was and while that was happening a mistake on the part of those planning Archduke Franz Ferdinand's route as he was traveling within sarajevo has them driving right near grover la Princip so he sees all of a sudden that they that they've taken the wrong route that they're driving right by him again remember his people already knew that there was an assassination attempt on him earlier in the day so they were they should have been more careful now Gavrilo Princip gets up puts his sandwich down and starts walking over to where he sees Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie's car going now the drivers once they realized that they had made a mistake they had taken a less safe route they try to back up which makes things even worse because then the car starts stalling and Gavrilo Princip literally walks up to the car and is able to shoot Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie and just to give you a sense of how important this is Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is the heir he's the he is the nephew of Franz Josef who is the who is who is the ruler of austria-hungary and so he is the heir to the empire and so he gets assassinated by gov reloj Princip so Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand Franz Ferdinand Ferdinand assassinated assassinated by Gavrilo Princip and we have right over here a picture right after gov reloj Princip I believe this is governor Princip right over here right after he was arrested and just to get a little sense of how this was tied to this whole Ostrow this whole Yugoslavian nationalistic movement this is what he said once he was arrested I am a Yugoslav nationalist aiming for the unification of all Yugoslavs and I do not care what form of state but it must be free of Austria so this act this this this assassination motivated by a nationalistic movement motivated by a desire to maybe merge Bosnia and Herzegovina with Serbia and maybe eventually Croatia with Bosnia Herzegovina and Serbia this assassination as we'll see in the next video is the trigger for all of World War one and the reason why it triggers it is because well there's many things you can cite you could argue that many of the empires in in Europe were already already militarizing already had a desire for conflict but then you also had all these alliances that essentially allow the dominoes to fall and all of Europe and because they had these empires essentially much of the world to be at war with each other