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Current time:0:00Total duration:2:45

Video transcript

as we've already talked about as we exit the 1800s and we get into the early 1900s and we approach World War one the various powers of Europe were really on this race for Empire was a part of national prestige and it helped build national wealth but of the major powers Germany and Italy were relatively new as unified States the British Empire they had been building their empire for hundreds of years the Germans on the other hand even though they have a very old culture going back hundreds or you could argue thousands of years as a unified state they only existed since 1871 and that's only after the franco-prussian war which allowed the Prussians to unify all of Germany and the Italians only became fully unified in 1870 also due to the franco-prussian war because the French had to focus on the Germans had to focus on the Prussians they couldn't protect the papal States anymore and so that allowed the Italians to unify it under their rule so by the time we get to 1914 the beginning of world war one these two powers they were also on the race for Empire but there are only about 43 or 44 years old and so they hadn't been able to build as extensive of an empire as France and especially as an extensive of an empire as Great Britain but this map right over here shows where what was the extent of their well how far their actual empires did extend Italy had control of Libya Eritrea and parts of what's today Somalia and Germany had control also it also had had had holdings in Africa possessions in Africa Togoland which is modern-day Togo Cameroon which makes up which is modern-day Cameroon as part of german south-west africa that's now known as namibia german east africa which is now Tanzania Rwanda and Burundi and Germany also had holdings in Pacific in the Pacific and even in China these are the the Pacific Islands that Germany had possession of and had German New Guinea and it even had it even had control of the town of Tsing Tao that actually is culturally interesting for those of you watching this video in 2013 Tsing Tao is now a very popular Chinese brand of beer one of the more I think it's the number two in the in the market Chinese beer and and its associated with China but it was actually started by German settlers in Tsingtao in 1903 so this is actually its roots are with Germans who obviously have a long tradition of producing beers and so Tsingtao you could argue it's a Chinese beer it's produced in China but it had its roots in kind of German imperial rule