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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:8:04
AP.USH:
KC‑7.3.III.D (KC)
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Unit 7: Learning Objective M
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WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

19:45 really represents the final throes of World War two in Europe you might remember at the end of 1944 we have the Battle of the Bulge starting which is an incredibly bloody battle the US forces which kind of take the brunt on the Allied side lose 20 roughly 20,000 troops but by January they're able to break through and invade Germany so as you go into early 1945 the Allies are in their march through Western Germany now if you go on the east the Russians or the Soviets are also marching westward and by and by January of 1945 they're able to take Warsaw and from then from there they continue to march masse westward towards Berlin now the writing is on the wall at this point the Allies look like they are going to win and so they meet at Yalta the major powers to discuss well what happens to Europe after World War two how what happens to Germany's split up what influence will the different allied victors have in the different countries of World War two so this is happening in Yalta in February of 1945 so let me write that down that's in February now all the while this is happening even though the writing is on the wall that the Allies are going to win the war they weren't taking anything for granted they wanted to absolutely force a surrender by the Axis powers in Germany in particular so they continued to firebomb major cities of Germany and firebombing is an incredibly devastating form of bombing where you're literally trying to destroy the city set the city on fire and the most notable of these fire the cities that were firebombed were Hamburg and Dresden the firebombing of Dresden movies and books are written about it that the the Nazis did also firebomb London but that didn't have quite the same devastating effect as the Allied fire bombing of Hamburg and Dresden and actually of Tokyo and other Japanese cities as we will see in a few minutes but then everything really comes to a head in April of 1945 it's in April that as you can see as you get into April in May the the Allies are able to essentially occupy major chunks of Germany they're able to push Axis forces outside of Italy they have effectively won Mussolini gets captured and then gets executed soviets are able to take berlin and maybe most importantly April 30th Hitler commits suicide so Hitler commits suicide and he's not the only one several other major leaders of Nazi leaders commit suicide as we go into this period right over here so essentially the war is won in Europe at this point and then that's made official on may 8th May 8th which is a good day to remember known as VE Day Victory in Europe Victory in Europe day so the Allies have won in Europe but everything is not over yet World War two is still going on in the Pacific so let's go down to the Pacific Theater so starting with the starting the year in in January the Allies are able to take the island of Luzon in particular they're able to take Manila then as we go as we go into February they begin the invasion of Iwo Jima which is an incredibly bloody campaign you have 70,000 Marines invade the island versus 22,000 Japanese troops and on top of that you obviously have air you have the air force involved you have you have the the the Navy involved but what I guess even more mind-boggling you have significant Allied debts you have 7,000 debts on the Allied side but even more amazing out of the 22,000 Japanese soldiers that were defending Iwo Jima 19,000 get killed so 19,000 of 22,000 Japanese soldiers get killed so you can imagine how bloody this is and this picture which is probably one of the most famous military photos ever taken especially United States this was taken by this was taken of Marines storming a hill touring a mountain in Iwo Jima and just to imagine how bloody these things are I just give you some of the numbers even this photo which is a real photograph even this photo where it looks like hey look the Americans have you know they've at least taken this take this this mountain or this hill right over here even out of this photo three of these Marines die in the next few days as they continue to try to take Evo Jima or take the entire island so you can imagine there the Japanese are able to mount a ferocious defense of the island and that is they aren't able to fully take the island until we get into March so by March March so maybe I'll say from February to March you have the invasion of Iwo Jima now the whole time that this is happening you have b-29s firebombing major cities in Japan and especially Tokyo so once again these cities are really being destroyed this is all-out war but still the Japanese have not surrendered and so in April April actually April going into June and you have to remember April in in Europe this is when you know it look you know it was pretty much done with Hitler commits suicide in April but in April going into June of 1945 you have the Allied invasion of Okinawa which once again is incredibly is an incredibly bloody campaign you have not you know above and beyond the the tens of thousands of Japanese soldiers that kill get killed in Okinawa you have tens and tens of thousands of civilians who get killed or commit suicide so once again this is all very unpleasant and and very and very bloody but we continue on and still the Japanese have not surrendered although you know we've even in 1944 their Navy is is all but destroyed but they have they're mounting this ferocious defense but then in parallel to all of this the Allies have especially the US has had the Manhattan Project to develop nuclear weapons and they decide to use them Truman is now president in order to accelerate the end of the war and so in so in August 6th they drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima essentially destroying that city and it's interesting to read accounts of even how the Japanese learn about it or what they didn't learn about it obviously because now obviously no one was expecting bombs that could just obliterate a city literally in seconds and so the still there wasn't a surrender from the Japanese and so let me write this this is August 6th and so on August 9th you have another atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki and at the same time that this is happening you have the Soviet Union invading Manchuria you have the Soviet Union invading Manchuria and so enough was enough you have the Soviets who are now getting involved in the Pacific the the Americans seem to be able to literally destroy Japanese cities at will and so on August 14 1945 you have the you have the Japanese surrender Japanese surrender and then this does not become I guess truly official until September 2nd 1945 which is called VJ Day Victory in Japan day and then that Mort marks the real end of World War two obviously World War two ended at the end of April May officially early May in Europe but now in Sept early September it is officially ended in the Pacific as well and the Allies are victorious