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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:6:14

1940 - Axis gains momentum in World War II

AP.USH:
KC‑7.3.II.E (KC)
,
Unit 7: Learning Objective B
,
WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

where we left off in the last video world war two had begun in September of 1939 Germany invades Poland followed shortly by France and Great Britain declaring war on Germany followed shortly by the Soviet Union themselves under Stalin's leadership also invading Poland and laying claim to their sphere of influence and so now we are going to enter into 1940 and we're going to see that in 1940 in 1941 things only start to accelerate in the Nazis and as will soon call them the Axis powers favour so in April in April in April you have the Germans invade Denmark Denmark and Norway Denmark and Norway let me make sure I spell that right so Germany's invades Denmark and Norway this is April of 1940 and then you have May of 1940 Germany invades the Netherlands in Belgium so Netherlands let me just write let me write the Low Countries sometimes called because this place this the land in the Netherlands right over here is very close to sea level or sometimes even below sea level Low Countries the Low Countries so invades Netherlands invades Belgium kind of a kind of very similar what happened in World War one were that's kind of how Germany gets to France and then in June in June Italy enters the fray Italy which we've seen before Italy declares war Italy in the war Benito Mussolini in the run-up to World War two was getting closer and closer to Adolf Hitler and so in June Italy declares war on the Allies on Great Britain and France and so now Italy so now Italy is formally in World War two and as soon as Italy joins World War two you start having all of these skirmishes out here between Italy's colonies and it's kind of where their ruling colonial II in Libya and in Egypt where where the British are essentially are essentially in control so you start having all of these skirmishes across the board of the Egyptian and to be in border so that was that was June and I actually June Italy's into the war and then shortly thereafter France Falls to Germany so this wasn't like World War 1 where we get kind of embroiled in all this trench warfare that lasts over the duration of most of the war very quickly little think about it this is only where only what's eight nine months into the war France Falls a major power France Falls to Germany and they install with Vichy France which at first is in control for the part of France roughly the part of France that I'm highlighting this is a town of Vichy which was the capital of Vichy France which is why it's called that and then later the rest of what's called free France Falls to Germany later in the war in 1942 but things are really are really not looking good things are really not looking good for looking good for the Allies so France Falls France Falls Falls to Germany the establishment of Vichy France which is essentially controlled by the Germans and then then in July Germany begins bombing Britain so bombing bombing Britain the famous Battle of Britain which was actually called the Battle of Britain even before it began within Churchill today where you have to prepare for the upcoming Battle of Britain and Germany starts bombing Great Britain and then things get only worse from there so in September in September the axis forms with Japan forming with Japan joining Japan signs the tripartite pact and so it becomes the axis forms between Japan Italy in Germany signs signs tripartite tripartite part tripartite pact so now in Japan's in the mix and since France has already fallen to Germany so Japan is now formally part of the axis with Italy and Germany and since France has fallen to Germany Japan says hey maybe we can go after some of France's colonies in particular French no China which we now refer to as Vietnam in Cambodia and so shortly thereafter Japan Japan attacks French Indochina so things are not really looking good at all and it only gets it only gets worse from there in November in November so once again we're a little over a year into the war now we're entering where we're entering the end of 1940 in November Hungary and Romania are pressured to join the axis so hungry and Romania joined the axis so as we see is we kind of are leaving 1940 things are not looking good at all for the Allied powers you see this map and I'm apologizing for my messiness it's looking more and more and more red the only slightly you know kind of saving grace for the Allied powers it's what's happening over here in North Africa is that eventually the end of 1940 the British are able to drive the Libyans are able to drive the Italians back into Libya so let me do this in a different color I'll do blue for the Allies so the British are able to drive the Italian forces back into Libya and they essentially are able to defeat the Italians in Libya and but that's only going to take us into 1941 which we'll talk about in the next video where the Germans send reinforcements under the command of Rommel and they're able to drive the British back again into Egypt and we'll see in 1941 Germany and the Axis powers only become more and more and more aggressive as we enter the end of 1941 we'll see the entry of the u.s. into World War two