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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:7:35
AP.USH:
KC‑7.3.III.D (KC)
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Unit 7: Learning Objective M
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WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

we're now entering into 1944 where the Americans and the Allies are able to go even more on the offensive versus the Japanese and get closer and closer to Japan get in bombing range of Japan and and and deprive the Japanese of I guess you could say their forward bases and so right as we enter into 1944 and once again I'm giving you an overview I'm not giving every single battle that occurs the United States is able to take Kwajalein which once again the strategic value of a lot of these a lot of these at these islands are tiny they're barely large enough to have a kind of a primitive basis plus kind of an airfield but they're incredibly valuable because the Bombers can land refuel or get resupplied and then take off from there and then get beyond the offensive either further in even further in I guess you could say Japanese territory and with the ticking of Kwajalein just as a bit of a reminder the Americans amongst other things now had control of the Solomon Islands they now have control of the Marshall and Gilbert Islands they now have control of the Marshall and Gilbert Islands and as we'll see the real theme of 1944 as we get into the middle of and the end of the year is to get as close as possible to the Japanese mainland because the Americans now had a b-29 or they had the b-29 bomber that had a 1500 mile radius 1,500 mile I guess I could say 1500 mile range which means if they're able to get points of where where their bombers could land and take off and once again these bombers are way too large and heavy to land on a carrier but if they can find Islands where they can do that from within a 1500 mile range of Japan then the United States could have bombing attacks directly on on Japan and hopefully get closer to an end to the war so that was really the theme get as close as possible to Japan and then there was a secondary theme of taking back the Philippines one it was a matter of pride it was a former US possession ever since the Spanish and Spanish American War but then on top of that the Philippines are incredibly strategic for shipping lanes from Indonesia remember those raw materials those resources that oil that Japan wanted from Indonesia if you control Japan if you control the Philippines you're going to control the shipping lanes between Indonesia and Japan so you could deprive Japan of those natural resources so the United States kind of main focal areas in 1944 get as close as possible to Japan get within bombing range and take the Philippines and this is exactly what they did as we go into the summer of 1944 and one there were there were some as early as the summer of 1944 some bombing raids that took off in China to Japan with the new b-29s so you do have some of these that happen as early some of these bombing raids happen as early as summer of 1944 but in terms of actual islands or territory the United States takes or takes back in the summer in June of 1944 you have the Battle of the Philippine Sea so Battle of Philippine Sea occurs right around right around here it's a victory for the u.s. it's a victory for the US and it ends up really really I guess you could say hurting Japanese ability to field carriers have have air warfare from carriers because they saw so much of their the carrier capability was damaged in the Battle of Philippine Sea so the battle the Battle of Philippine Philippine or maybe Battle of the Philippine Battle of the Philippine Sea this occurs in June June 1944 and along with that in the summer the the Allies are able to take take several islands in the Mariana Islands that once again this is going to be super important because from the Marianas they're able to launch b-29 bombing attacks on the mainland in Japan and so over that summer the Allies the Americans in particular are able to take I pan they are able to take they're able to take Guam they're able to take Tinian which is this little island right over here some of these islands are quite hard to find there they're super small in fact even these little dots exaggerate their size if you were actually going on Google Maps or Google Earth you'll see how small these aren't I encourage you to look at them it's really fascinating to see how small some of these islands are there really atolls a lot of these are are more tools than islands not all of them are tools but you see that there they barely have enough space for a landing strip for planes especially the b-29s and then as we go further into this summer and we start entering kind of later in the year the Americans are able to take at the time it was called palely now it's Palau so palely you they're able to take more Thai they're able to take more Thai and then perhaps most importantly in 1944 this might be the the biggest deal out of all of these Pacific battles that occur in all of these naval battles that occur is the Battle of Leyte and the Battle of Leyte Gulf because the Battle of Leyte was important is because in the process of taking Leyte the United States essentially is able to knock out the Japanese's ability to further defend I mean they will continue but realistically defend the rest of the Philippines so once Leyte is taken by the Allies it's the the odds of the Japanese being able to hold the rest of the Philippines becomes very low and maybe even more important the Battle of Leyte Gulf which recurs right around there it's an incredibly decisive battle for the American Navy the Japanese go all-in and that bet is not a good one the Japanese Navy is pretty much destroyed in the Battle of Leyte Gulf and so 1944 once again very good year for the Allies very bad year for the Japanese now the Allies are in control of they're in control of air strips from which they can take b-29 raids to the mainland of Japan whoops so air strips they can now they're now within range to do bombing attacks on the mainland of Japan and they now are very likely to control the Philippines which will and control the shipping lanes from Indonesia to Japan and they've all but destroyed the Japanese Navy so once again things are not looking very good for Japan and as we go into 1945 we'll see the the Allies get closer and closer and and get more intense bombing raids on Japan and every time they get closer the battles to take these islands Iwo Jima Okinawa incredibly incredibly bloody and the United States says well what do we have to do to get the Japanese to surrender and we'll see what at least in the mind of Truman needs to happen