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Renaissance art

The Renaissance, a rebirth of classical Greek and Roman thought, shifted focus from God to human interests, known as Humanism. Key figures like Brunelleschi, Donatello, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci revolutionized art and architecture. The Northern Renaissance spread these ideas throughout Europe, influencing artists like John Van Eyck and Albrecht Durer. Created by Nancy Ross.

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Video transcript

Arturo patate here, but you could call me art this is explorations in art history starring me and the hand Well, what about the rest of me? how Embarrassing people watching [from] around the world and I'm stuck waiting on some five-fingered prima Donna [oh] that's better it looks like we'll be talking about the renaissance period During the medieval period [The] Torch lit by the Greeks and carried on by the Romans had been rejected medieval values instead Elevated the spiritual and denounced the flesh then in the mid 14th century Petrarch an Italian Poet and scholar of Latin was able to reconcile Christianity and Classical and Roman greek thought in his writings and revived interest in what had been dismissed as the pagan past this started the period called the renaissance or rebirth the shift of focus from God centered to more human centered interests became known as humanism of [course] there wouldn't have [been] much of a renaissance without a renaissance man or to a man with expertise in many Fields take Brunelleschi who is a goldsmith architect engineer sculptor and Mathematician as An artist he discovered the principles of linear perspective Which gives the illusion of three-dimensional space [to] two-dimensional art? Start with a horizon line at a vanishing point and then lines that converge to that vanishing point For making objects appear farther away or closer of course brutal [Esky] was most famous for his massive dome Go, not that dome the dome he built for the florence cathedral equal in size to [the] dome of the Pantheon Brunelleschi's new method of construction was so different that some florentines wondered if he was mad he devised a [way] to build the dome without Scaffolding and without using flying buttresses commonly used in Gothic architecture to support the weight of large structures [sixteen] years later when the dome was [completed] it was recognized as a marvel of the era and Brunelleschi was heralded as a genius mmM. Yes Donatello also started as a goldsmith no no donatella was not a crime-fighting turtle But donatello did study the old Roman styles of sculpture and ornamentation His David is famous as the first freestanding Bronze sculpture cast during the renaissance it depicts David is the beautiful youth of the bible just after Decapitating the giant Goliath and uses classical techniques like contrapposto in its design Donatello also developed a new way [of] sculpting in shallow relief that applied the rules of linear perspective to create a greater illusion of depth he would have been hailed as the most accomplished sculptor of the renaissance if not for the coming of Michelangelo who along with da Vinci and Raphael kicked the art world into high gear or the high renaissance Perhaps no one exemplifies the ideal of the renaissance man more than Leonardo da Vinci No renaissance man was not a superhero Really read your history [Brad] Leonardo was a talented painter sculptor scientist Architect and even a military engineer He painted the most famous portrait in the world the Mona Lisa His boundless curiosity was best exemplified by his notebooks which were filled with inventions like a tank flying machine and a parachute in 1482 Leonardo went to Milan where [he] painted his famous mural the last supper on the wall of a monastery he chose to portray the emotional moment when [Jesus] predicts that one of the apostles were betrayal and the Betrayer will take brad at the same time He does the apostles react in varying degrees of surprise and horror except for Judas who distracted by the commotion? reaches for a piece of bread Leonardo used perspective lines as a compositional device that leads the eye to Jesus's face the calm center in the Chaos Though the last supper had been painted by others, Leonardo's version was the first to depict the apostles as real people acting or reacting like real people Now we call them to mitel Angelo. Do you think we could do this one straight? Okay, at 24 Michelangelo carved the Famous [Pnt] which in Italian means pity The piazza Depicts the body of Jesus on his mother Mary's lap as she mourned his death by crucifixion And combines the renaissance ideals of classical beauty and naturalism shortly after installing the [Pieta] Michelangelo overheard someone say that the sculpture was the work of another artist that night Michelangelo chiseled the words Michelangelo Buonarroti Floret I made this on the sash running across Mary's [breast] later, Michelangelo regretted this act It was the only statue he ever signed Michelangelo was reluctant to accept the commission to paint the sistine Chapel, but Pope Julius II insisted contrary to popular belief Michelangelo did not lay on his back to paint but stood on specially designed scaffolding and had to reach upward Craning his neck awkwardly to paint Fresco required painting into a newly applied layer of wet esther and Michelangelo also a poet complained in a letter to a friend my beard turns up to heaven my name falls in a Rich embroidery [Biju's] my face from breast drops thick and thin Four years later the arduous task was done and a masterpiece created The paintings of the Sistine Chapel had a profound effect on other artists One story claims that raphael slipped into the chapel to examine the paintings when Michelangelo was absent [Mamamia] what's the matter with me? He's the back to the drawing board Raphael scraped the Fresco he was painting off the wall and repainted it imitating the more powerful style of Michelangelo Raphael became a favorite of the pope and was commissioned to paint other rooms in the vatican his greatest masterpiece the school of [Athens] Portrays plato, Aristotle and other Greek Philosophers mathematicians and scientists from classical antiquity Sharing their [ideas] and learning from each other is a kind of intellectual Fantasy gathering since these figures all lived at different times and it shows that humanism had become accepted in the church Raphael even included himself standing with the astronomers sounds like Michael [at] a party plato, aristotle Arturo, huh? oh We haven't mentioned the Northern renaissance No, no, no Leonardo Michelangelo, and Raphael did not go north for a skiing trip Sorry folks, you'll have to excuse the hand today It's just that well for many the renaissance was an intoxicating time, okay? so what happened in italy didn't stay in italy the ideas [of] the renaissance migrated up into the rest of Europe and Started what was called the Northern Renaissance John [Van] Eyck pioneered the techniques of painting with oil-based paints on wooden panels Artists of the [North] had a fondness for meticulous detail and were more interested in realism than classicism Albrecht durer Travelled to Italy and was friends with Raphael and other artists of the renaissance He was able to incorporate Italian and Northern ideas into his paintings and prints he became one of the most influential artists of printmaking and elevated this relatively new art form to new levels of aesthetic quality and popularity after the death of Leonardo in 1519 and Raphael in [15-20] artists rejected the values of the high renaissance for more heightened or more mannered approach Mannerist like Tintoretto created unbalanced compositions that gave up usual tension to the work to Toronto's painting of the last supper shifts the table from the center to the left side and Emphasizes dramatic light in motion to Increase the drama of the image Mannerist artists also intentionally distorted and stylized the human body and spatial relationships like this painting of the Madonna by Parmigianino The figures are elongated and instead of balancing the angels on either side of Mary They are deliberately squeezed into left side with only a tiny saint Jerome on the right ow How does she do it? the renaissance was a period of great discovery adventure and creativity the renaissance included the discovery of the new world by Columbus the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg the beginner of the Protestant reformation by Martin Luther and [the] scientific advances of copernicus and Galileo to name a few the influence of the renaissance on Western art is ongoing and even went viral without Facebook or Twitter or YouTube Because of the strength of its ideas and the beauty of its creations you