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5D: Have you ever used vinegar to make succulent barbecue wings? Then carboxylic acids are your friends. Vinegar, also known as acetic acid, is one of the simplest carboxylic acids. You will discover the important nomenclature, properties, and reactions of carboxylic acids in this tutorial.
Naming carboxylic acids and analyzing their physical properties
How to reduce carboxylic acids using lithium aluminum hydride (and borane)
How to prepare acyl (acid) chlorides using thionyl chloride
How to prepare acid anhydrides from carboxylic acids
How to draw the mechanism for a Fischer esterification
The mechanism for the formation of amides from carboxylic acids and amines using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC)
The decarboxylation (loss of carbon dioxide) of malonic acid and a beta-keto acid
How to use the Hell-Volhard-Zelinksy (HVZ) reaction to synthesize alpha-amino acids. By Jay.