Carboxylic acids

8 videos
5D: Have you ever used vinegar to make succulent barbecue wings? Then carboxylic acids are your friends. Vinegar, also known as acetic acid, is one of the simplest carboxylic acids. You will discover the important nomenclature, properties, and reactions of carboxylic acids in this tutorial.

Carboxylic acid nomenclature and properties

VIDEO 8:52 minutes
Naming carboxylic acids and analyzing their physical properties

Reduction of carboxylic acids

VIDEO 8:54 minutes
How to reduce carboxylic acids using lithium aluminum hydride (and borane)

Preparation of acyl (acid) chlorides

VIDEO 10:23 minutes
How to prepare acyl (acid) chlorides using thionyl chloride

Preparation of acid anhydrides

VIDEO 7:09 minutes
How to prepare acid anhydrides from carboxylic acids

Preparation of esters via Fischer esterification

VIDEO 9:37 minutes
How to draw the mechanism for a Fischer esterification

Preparation of amides using DCC

VIDEO 11:54 minutes
The mechanism for the formation of amides from carboxylic acids and amines using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC)  


VIDEO 6:47 minutes
The decarboxylation (loss of carbon dioxide) of malonic acid and a beta-keto acid

Alpha-substitution of carboxylic acids

VIDEO 9:06 minutes
How to use the Hell-Volhard-Zelinksy (HVZ) reaction to synthesize alpha-amino acids. By Jay.