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Geometry

We are surrounded by space. And that space contains lots of things. And these things have shapes. In geometry we are concerned with the nature of these shapes, how we define them, and what they teach us about the world at large--from math to architecture to biology to astronomy (and everything in between). Learning geometry is about more than just taking your medicine ("It's good for you!"), it's at the core of everything that exists--including you. Having said all that, some of the specific topics we'll cover include angles, intersecting lines, right triangles, perimeter, area, volume, circles, triangles, quadrilaterals, analytic geometry, and geometric constructions. Wow. That's a lot. To summarize: it's difficult to imagine any area of math that is more widely used than geometry.
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Introduction to Euclidean geometry

Roughly 2400 years ago, Euclid of Alexandria wrote Elements which served as the world's geometry textbook until recently. Studied by Abraham Lincoln in order to sharpen his mind and truly appreciate mathematical deduction, it is still the basis of what we consider a first year course in geometry. This tutorial gives a bit of this background and then lays the conceptual foundation of points, lines, circles and planes that we will use as we journey through the world of Euclid.

Angles and intersecting lines

This topic continues our journey through the world of Euclid by helping us understand angles and how they can relate to each other.

Congruence

If you can take one figure and flip, shift and rotate (not resize) it to be identical to another figure, then the two figures are congruent. This topic explores this foundational idea in geometry.

Similarity

Right triangles and trigonometry

Triangles are not always right (although they are never wrong), but when they are it opens up an exciting world of possibilities. Not only are right triangles cool in their own right (pun intended), they are the basis of very important ideas in analytic geometry (the distance between two points in space) and trigonometry.

Perimeter, area, and volume

A broad set of tutorials covering perimeter area and volume with and without algebra.

Circles

Special properties and parts of triangles

You probably like triangles. You think they are useful. They show up a lot. What you'll see in this topic is that they are far more magical and mystical than you ever imagined!

Quadrilaterals

Transformations

Let's think more visually about things like shifts, rotations, scaling and symmetry.

Analytic geometry

Geometric constructions

We now have fancy computers to help us perfectly draw things, but have you ever wondered how people drew perfect circles or angle bisectors or perpendicular bisectors back in the day. Well this tutorial will have you doing just as your grandparents did (actually, a little different since you'll still be using a computer to draw circles and lines with a virtual compass and straightedge).

Worked examples

Sal does the 80 problems from the released questions from the California Standards Test for Geometry. Basic understanding of Algebra I necessary.
Perimeter, area, and volume
A broad set of tutorials covering perimeter area and volume with and without algebra.
All content in “Perimeter, area, and volume”

Perimeter and area of triangles

You first learned about perimeter and area when you were in grade school. In this tutorial, we will revisit those ideas with a more mathy lens. We will use our prior knowledge of congruence to really start to prove some neat (and useful) results (including some that will be useful in our study of similarity).

Triangle inequality theorem

The triangle inequality theorem is, on some level, kind of simple. But, as you'll see as you go into high level mathematics, it is often used in fancy proofs. This tutorial introduces you to what it is and gives you some practice understanding the constraints on the dimensions of a triangle.

Koch snowflake fractal

Named after Helge von Koch, the Koch snowflake is one of the first fractals to be discovered. It is created by adding smaller and smaller equilateral bumps to an existing equilateral triangle. Quite amazingly, it produces a figure of infinite perimeter and finite area!

Heron's formula

Named after Heron of Alexandria, Heron's formula is a power (but often overlooked) method for finding the area of ANY triangle. In this tutorial we will explain how to use it and then prove it!

Circumference and area of circles

Circles are everywhere. How can we measure how big they are? Well, we could think about the distance around the circle (circumference). Another option would be to think about how much space it takes up on our paper (area). Have fun!