Middle school biology - NGSS
Photosynthesis in ecosystems
Oxygen produced by photosynthesis is released and used by animals and plants in respiration. Animals depend (directly or indirectly) on food from photosynthetic organisms for growth and survival. Created by Khan Academy.
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- How do plants get energy?(4 votes)
- Plants obtain their energy through the chemical process known as photosynthesis which converts the sun's energy into energy useful for living organisms. Photosynthesis is represented by this chemical equation.
6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2
This means that plants take six carbon dioxide molecules, (the 6CO2) and six water molecules (6H2O), and, with the addition of the sun's energy and the catalyst chlorophyll, can create one molecule of glucose (C6H12O6) and six molecules of oxygen (O2).
The energy is contained in the glucose molecule produced by the reaction. When the cell needs to use this energy, it goes through a process known as cellular respiration which (in summary) breaks down the molecule and releases the energy stored inside.
Animals cannot perform photosynthesis (clearly), so that is the reason that we need to eat. When plants are eaten, the glucose (and thus the energy stored within) is transferred into our system where we can use it. Even eating animals gives use the energy initially held in plants as it transfers up the food chain. If animals could perform photosynthesis, there would be no need to consume anything. So plants harvest and convert the sun's energy into a form that any organism can take advantage of.
(On a side note, plants are not the only organisms that perform photosynthesis. Algae and some types of bacteria known as cyanobacteria perform it as well.)
KA has a whole unit in their Biology Library about this. You should check it out.
- I don't understand what he meant by "we can do this in reverse" can someone explain it to me?(1 vote)
- Photosynthesis uses energy (from sunlight) to combine carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and oxygen.
Cellular respiration reverses this reaction. It releases energy by mixing oxygen and sugar to make carbon dioxide and water. We use this energy that cellular respiration releases to live.
Does that help at all?(8 votes)
- I bet you it's bubble gum pink(4 votes)
- Why do we need oxygen(1 vote)
- Oxygens primary function is to provide our body with energy.
Our lung oxygenate the blood that blood goes through the left atrium then to the left ventricle from the left ventricle to the Aorta. From there it will go to the upper or the lower body where the oxygen is off loaded to the tissues then as a byproduct deoxidated blood will be pumpt back.(Your cells, in the little organelles called mitochondria which are energy generators: they use oxygen to transform nutriments from the digestive process into energy that can be used directly by the cell). The deoxygenated blood will go through your superior and inferior vena cava to your right atrium there it will go to your right ventricle to your left and right pulmonary artery back to your lungs where it will be filtered and go back into the air.(6 votes)
- "Now, animals like you and me,"(4 votes)
- because you need it to live(0 votes)
- imagine 💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀💀(2 votes)
- I imagined it. 💀💀💀(1 vote)
- my friend is wathing the same video as me what shoud i do?(1 vote)
- you should tell her that she could watch different video(2 votes)
- This might be unrelated to the video, but do we need carbon dioxide for something? Sorry, not sure how to word it.(1 vote)
- Yes and that is for air via photosynthesis. Think of it as trees breathe in carbon dioxide and they breathe out oxygen and therefore makes a cycle where we get the air we need and what the trees need to make more oxygen(1 vote)
- ong dakotalsbetter(1 vote)
- ONG H2O is better(1 vote)
- [Instructor] When you look at a rainforest ecosystem like this, one of the obvious questions may be, where do these plants come from? How do they grow? They're growing all the time, they're getting larger and larger and larger. Where does that mass, where does that matter come from? Pause this video and think about that. Well, you might already be guessing where it comes from. It might have something to do with photosynthesis, which we go into a lot of depth in other videos, but this is a process where you have carbon dioxide from the air in conjunction with water that primarily is coming from the soil, and it uses energy from the sun so I'll just draw that in, these yellow squiggles coming from the sun, in order to do two things. The plant is going to be building itself using the matter in the carbon dioxide and the water while also expelling oxygen as a byproduct. And this matter that the plant is able to take from its environment with photosynthesis is used to both become the structure of the plant and a store of energy in the form of sugars. Now, animals like you and me, we get our energy by then eating these plants. And how do we unlock that energy? Well, that's where this oxygen is really useful. That's why we need to breathe oxygen because by breathing the oxygen, we can essentially do photosynthesis in reverse, and we can break down this matter, these sugars, that we're getting from plants. So all of this biomass is coming from essentially water from the soil and carbon dioxide, and energy from the sun is used essentially put it together. There might be a few other nutrients that are also coming from the environment, like the soil, but primarily the water and the carbon dioxide.