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my name is Brian Fisher they call me the ant-man I'm the curator of entomology at the California Academy of Sciences Madagascar is not just a hotspot it's the hottest of hot spots Madagascar is special because of its geological history and its geographic placement Madagascar separated from Africa about 120 million years ago the end result Madagascar has been isolated for 80 million years and that means everything in Madagascar is unique everything in Madagascar evolved there that means all 103 primates the lemurs are only found in Madagascar all 500 species of reptiles amphibians only in Madagascar 98 percent of the 1,500 ant species only in Madagascar this unique piece of this evolutionary puzzle but that alone doesn't make it a hotspot we have unique species there everything is only found there but also it's under extreme threat massive land transformation huge impacts from climate change and a high risk for species extinction with species extinction the threat a only thing we can do is right now make decisions to either save these remaining patches or to let them go we have to make that decision as a society we have to now go out and work with the government to try to preserve to develop a system to capture and a conservation framework the most diversity