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Current time:0:00Total duration:5:12

Robert Schumann: Symphony No. 3, "Rhenish". Analysis by Gerard Schwarz (part 5)

Video transcript

finally it comes to the fifth movement obviously five movements that's unusual people weren't writing five movement symphonies but Schumann did and the fifth movement starts out with a wonderful simple melody and he writes Dolce Dolce means sweetly it's usually played in a kind of joyous way he didn't write that he wrote it without any staccato marks without any marks to say you should play short the second half of this melody is written with the staccato marks is more angular and a lighter and more effervescent more joyous in a sense and this juxtaposition of these two ideas is sweet dolce idea and this joyous idea permeates the whole beginning of this movement the second theme does the same idea of the long contrasting theme with occasional short notes but he's always bringing you back and forth the development section is quite extensive Shuma had tremendous imagination and he was able to combine this kind of Dulce with the kind of staccato sections the short notes and it works really quite remarkably well finally the initial theme comes back with the strings playing tremolo and aggressively and the horns answering the the theme but it comes back quite loudly now so in other words instead of being this dolce melody it is an aggressive melody and again he brings back the second theme and the original key now what's most interesting obviously as we've seen Beethoven develop is Dakota so the whole ending in this is fantastic it starts with a glorious fanfare in the brass with the strings answering and then the strings joining into that fanfare and then the whole end is based on the chorale theme from the Fourth Movement if I didn't tell you that and now show it to you you wouldn't even notice probably but in the back of our minds we hear that and there's a certain familiarity it makes us feel very happy and content and hearing the music because it seems to make sense to us somehow and this ends in a fabulous way with with a tremendous activity by the full orchestra and the horns with their fan fairs that we hear throughout and in the brass to be one of them the great masterpieces I think of middle 19th century symphonic music you