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Current time:0:00Total duration:5:24

Robert Schumann: Symphony No. 3, "Rhenish". Analysis by Gerard Schwarz (part 4)

Video transcript

the Fourth Movement is the solemn ceremony when Clara and Robert went to Cologne Cathedral there was it was someone becoming a cardinal and it was a great ceremony and they witnessed this ceremony in that ceremony was the inspiration for this incredible chorale the solemn chorale written for the trombones and horns the trombone part was very high played almost always on the alto trombone the alto trombone is used a tenor trombone the bass trombone they have different sounds the alto being a little smaller medium and large the bell size of the instrument changes the bore size in other words the pipe that they plan to changes the size of the mouthpiece changes from smaller to bigger these days we usually use two tenors and a bass but when we play music like this which is written for an alto trombone with a little brighter smaller sound this solo trombone player almost always will play an alto trombone the whole movement is based on this chorale theme which actually will come back again in the last moment so after the initial statement by the trombones and horns you'll hear it played by the violins and then eventually it goes into a faster section which sounds as if it were the same melody with but just in a more condensed way it isn't quite but it is similar and it really gives a nice variety to this chorale towards the end of the movement there's this climactic brass fanfare led by the trumpets and also by the woodwinds and it's a beautiful moment where where the woodwinds and brass have this fanfare and you can see the color change so you have what was in brass let's call that a bronze color loud and then the same chord is played by the strings let's call it dark brown and it has this beautiful soft warm sound then this fanfare comes in even louder and again the response to it is this beautiful dark brown of the strings and it ends in a very poignant way you