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Video transcript

hello grammarians today we're going to talk about subject verb agreement and what this is is the idea that you want your subject and your verb to get along in a sentence what agreement is in grammar is the art of making sure that sentence parts connect with one another in the right way it's making sure you know the square peg goes in a square hole right not a square peg in a round hole square peg in a triangular hole you want to make sure that the way you make the way you render your subject fits with the way you've rendered your verb so what do I mean by that so let's let's take the sentence the dog barks so we have this subject the dog and it is singular there's one of it and the way this verb is the word is conjugated the way this verb is conjugated the way we've assembled or figured out how the verb is going to be is also a singular conjugation oh so we say the dog barks and not the dog bark right this is not standard American English like this this doesn't this does not this is the plural form you can say the dog's bark right because there's more than one dog here and this is there this is the verb this is the plural form I know it's kind of strange that the third-person singular form of a verb ends in S like if English made sense like it okay if I if I ran the zoo right like I would want it to work like this the dogs barks right because there's an S there's multiple unfortunately for many weird reasons and the history of English it doesn't it didn't work out that way a third-person singular verb usually ends in an S right so I talk that's first person third person is she talks we eat that's plural first person they eat see no s it's only this weird third-person singular here that's got that S on the end so if you're trying to if you're trying to figure out how to make something agree if you're unsure as you're writing so if you're looking at a sentence like the dog's bark and you can't figure out if it's supposed to be the dog's bark or the dog barks or the dogs barks ask yourself first what is the subject of the sentence so first find the subject and then ask yourself is it singular or plural is it s or P is it Psalter is a pepper and then if you can remember that then just remember that singular s usually results in another s so if it's the dog and that's singular then you're going to want to put that s over here so if the subject isn't a noun but a pronoun same question is it singular or plural I is singular there's only one me.we is plural there's many of us and if it's singular third person so like she he it ended in an S another thing to remember is that most what we call indefinite pronouns are third-person singular so if you wanted to ask whether or not anyone knows the way to San Jose as a question but you're not sure whether or not it would be does anyone know the way to San Jose or do anyone know the way to San Jose well the word anyone is third-person singular and although do is an irregular verb we still kind of hold to the idea the third-person singular verb ends in an S so it's as a sound written as an S so we would say does so does anyone know as opposed to you know if it were in the plural do we know right so does a singular do is plural now that's kind of the basic idea of subject verb agreement as you want to make sure that the number of things in your subject matches up with the number in your predicate so as the subject singular or plural if it's third-person singular the verb probably ends in an S even though the third-person singular noun or pronoun does not you can learn anything Dave it out