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Video transcript

hello grammarians hello visiting cousin Beth hello cousin David so today we're going to be talking about pronoun antecedent agreement and what is that so an antecedent is a thing that goes before so anta means before and c dn't is like a go anything so what I mean by that is if we're talking about if we set up something in a sentence so okay so we've got a sentence like Gillian rode her bike to the grocery store fine straight up sentence pretty ordinary if we want to refer to Gillian again but we want to use a pronoun well we'd refer to Gillian as she that's a woman's name so she she bought some garlic and a spoon like you normally would when you go to the grocery store so when we talk about this pronoun she in relation to this word this proper noun Gillian Gillian is the antecedent is the thing that goes before the pronoun she' so whenever you use a pronoun you are referring back to something else the thing that went before the antecedent the thing that has come previously and so you want to make sure that these things match up so for example we know from living in this culture that Gillian is a woman's name so it would probably be incorrect to refer to her as heat Gillian rode her bike to the grocery store he bought some garlic and a spoon this sounds like we're talking about someone else right so even within this initial sentence - Gillian rode her bike to the grocery store we're referring back to Gillian using this possessive pronoun to define the bicycle oh because it's a longer sentence well we're using it to demonstrate the relationship between Gillian and the bicycle gotcha yeah you also want to make sure that pronouns and their antecedents agree in number so if you said what's a fun animal monkeys monkeys so the monkeys threw snowballs but they had crummy aim right so we're using they to refer back to the monkeys so this thing is a plural noun right we're referring to multiple monkeys so it'd be incorrect to say the monkeys threw snowballs but it had crumby a because this makes it seem like we're talking about one monkey when in fact we are talking about an army of snowball chuck in monkeys so we've got our little monkey maybe a colobus monkey or maybe a diana monkey it's got a little tuft it's thrown a snowball but that's an old world monkey it probably doesn't have two prehensile tail just sort of has a little tail but let's say we have a whole bunch of them right we want to make sure that we are operating under the standards of agreement that's any questions so you have can't have it anymore because now you've got four monkeys right let me get rid of that so what should it be instead bath they because they is plural and we don't know if they're he's or she's and even if we didn't were they kind of eliminates any kind of gender distinction right so the monkeys threw snowballs but they had crummy aim although these monkeys seemed to be doing pretty good at hitting each other in the heads the tails with their with their snowballs so that's pronoun antecedent agreement so remember to make sure to line things up when relevant by gender so Gillian rode her bike she bought some garlic and a spoon and by number so the monkeys threw snowballs but they had crummy aim so there's more than one monkey so you'd want to use the plural third person pronoun you can learn anything Dave it out and Beth out