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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:17

Video transcript

hi I'm Patrick Lynn the director of photography for camera on inside-out and I'm Adam poppy camera lead on inside out this lesson is about cameras the art of using them and the science behind them we're talking about physical cameras first because the virtual cameras were used to make our movies are modeled after the real thing first let's talk about lenses the kind of lenses we put in front of the camera and how we adjust the amount of light is traveling through that lens affects the image we record cheers for instance for this selfie we used a wide-angle lens if we change out the lens for a narrower long lens like this 75 millimeter the picture will look very different smile whoa you're barely in the shot looks like we've moved the camera but we haven't in fact to get the environment and ourselves in this shot with this lens we have to move the camera a lot hey Sylvia hey do you mind taking a photo for us sure Riga is trying to take a selfie with this long lens maybe a knee do you think they had a ladder here now that the shot is composed the same you can see what else changes about the image because of our lens choice for instance notice what is in focus or out-of-focus in the wide-angle image almost everything is in focus and then the picture taken with a long lens only a small part of the image is in focus another thing that changes is the feeling of perspective in the image this means how close or far away the objects appear in the wide-angle shot when the camera is closer the nearer subjects appear a lot bigger and more remote objects feel farther away in the long lens shot when the camera is farther away there appears to be less distance between the nearer and the fogger objects every choice you make with the camera changes the feeling of the shot and our job is to make choices that supports the emotion of the story let's go show them how work done inside out this is the virtual camera we use to make our movies it has interchangeable lenses just like the camera we used to take our selfie so depending on the lens we use and the placement of the camera we should see a similar effect on the image here's a shot from inside out that is compositionally a lot like our selfie let's start with that same wide lens we used for the first selfie the 18 millimeter it looks okay but we don't want to choose a lens just based on what we can fit in the frame we want to ask ourselves what is this scene about the core of the scene is about empathy so all of our decisions in framing composition staging and lens choices should be guided by that idea I think I'll try the 50 millimeter lens using this lens and adjusting the depth of field which determines what's in or out of focus I think we'll get the right look an image that focuses on the characters so the background just falls away there are many different feelings we support through our camera choices fear happiness insecurity wonder in each case we thought about how we could use the camera to amplify the emotions we wanted to achieve in that scene there's a lot of cool stuff to learn so stay with us