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## Vector basics

Current time:0:00Total duration:2:36

# Recognizing vectors

## Video transcript

Voiceover:Which of the following can represent a vector? A vector is something that has both a magnitude and a direction. Let's see which one of these
could represent something that has a magnitude and a direction. The first choice right
over here is the number 5. 5 could represent a magnitude, you could say, essentially,
how large something is. That's all the information has. It doesn't say 5 in a certain direction. This one by itself would not be a or it couldn't represent a vector. You need to specify a direction as well. The angle measure 5 degrees. Well the angle measure 5 degrees could represent a direction. If you say it's 5 degrees. Let's say that's the positive X axis that's the positive Y axis. If you said it's 5 degrees relative to the positive X axis. If you said something like this, so if you had 5 degrees over there, that would be specifying a direction, but it's not giving us a magnitude. It's not saying how far in that direction or how large in that direction. An angle measure of 5 degrees, you're giving us a direction, but no magnitude. Let's just cross these out. The point (5,5). Now this is interesting. If we say that the point is
the end point of a vector that starts at the origin, so lets draw that out. That's the positive X
axis, positive Y axis. This is 1,2,3,4,5 in the
horizontal direction. 1,2,3,4,5 in the positive
vertical direction. The .5,5 is going to be right over there. If you said that this
represents the head of a vector who's tail is at the origin. The vector would look something like this. Now, you're giving both a
magnitude and a direction. What's the magnitude? What's the distance between the origin and this point, right over here. You could solve using the Pythagorean theorem and the direction, it's
this general direction. This could specify a
magnitude and a direction. This could represent a vector. The outcome of 5+5,
obviously that's just 10. That's just a number. For the same reason, this first choice, if I just have a number, that could be a magnitude, but we don't have a direction as well. This could not represent and that one could not represent a vector.