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### Course: Get ready for Algebra 2 > Unit 3

Lesson 7: Graphs of absolute value functions- Shifting absolute value graphs
- Shift absolute value graphs
- Scaling & reflecting absolute value functions: equation
- Scaling & reflecting absolute value functions: graph
- Scale & reflect absolute value graphs
- Graphing absolute value functions
- Graph absolute value functions
- Absolute value graphs review

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# Shifting absolute value graphs

The graph of y=|x-h|+k is the graph of y=|x| shifted h units to the right and k units up. See worked examples practicing this relationship.

## Want to join the conversation?

- I broke my replay button and I still don't understand this! Why move 3 to the right and write x-3 when x+3 seems to make sense?(43 votes)
- If you are trying to find where the new "0" would be, when x = 3, then x-3 =0, so this would move it to the right. for x + 3, you would have to add -3 (to the left) to get 0. The point slope form shows this best when you have y - y1 = m(x-x1). In this case, a positive y1 actually would move the graph down and a negative y1 would move it up, but when we see it in point slope form y = mx + b, the b stays what it is (positive up and negative down).(50 votes)

- How the equation would be if we shift it only up 4?(13 votes)
- The answer would've been y=|x|+4(4 votes)

- Why would you subtract 3 if your are going to the right of the graph on the X-Axis instead of adding? So would that mean you would add if you were going the left of the X-Axis?5:35(21 votes)
- Because are now 3 to right which +3, but we need it to be 0, so we subtract 3 to do that.

When we go up again are at +4 so u need add -4

y-4=︱x-3︱

y=︱x-3︱+4(3 votes)

- wait.. so uhh can we like simplify

y = |x - 3| + 4

to

y = |x - 3 + 4|

and then simplify that to

y= |x + 1|(5 votes)- Those are not the same equation.

y = |x-3|+4 has its vertex point at (3,4)

y = |x+1| has its vertex point at (-1,0)

Hope this helps.(13 votes)

- Ummm... I think we use absolute value to find the distance from 0 to the number itself. Am I correct?(3 votes)
- Yes, you are
**absolutely**correct. Absolute value finds the distance of a number from 0. For example, the absolute value of -3 is 3, but the absolute value of 99 is 99. Hope this helps!(10 votes)

- Hi! I am currently taking Algebra 1 on Khan Academy, but I feel like I missed something. Could someone please point me to where Sal first talked about absolute value?(6 votes)
- You should first do the Get ready for Algebra 1 course first :)(4 votes)

- I kind of find it confusing.(5 votes)
- why is it -3 and not +3

and if we shift to the left side would it be +3?

again why(4 votes)- Yes if we shift it to -3 in the x axis, that's because we want to x to be equal to 0 on our x intercept, doing that however the value we put on x we obtain the value of y, can't explain very well but that makes sense and you can try by yourself on which any number and it will be always true. Don't forget that |-x| = +x(0 votes)

- shift to the right is positive? shift to the left is negative?(1 vote)
- The basic absolute value equation is: y = |x|. The vertex is at (0,0).

To shift the graph to the right, the equation becomes: y = |x-a|. To shift the graph to the left, the equation becomes y = |x+a|.

Hope this helps.(3 votes)

- Hi! Can someone explain how 4 is not subtracted but added? Isn't the goal to get back to zero, so isn't that why you did x-3 ?(1 vote)
- It's different. One is doing transformation on x-axis, the other is on y-axis.

It because of the form we usually write:

y = f(x)

When we do transformation on y-axis, we simply add it.

y= f(x) + a

But when we do transformation on x-axis, it is inside f(x).

y = f(x + a)

To know why shifting like 3 to the right we have x - 3, check the top-voted answer.(3 votes)

## Video transcript

- [Instructor] This right over here is the graph of y is equal
to absolute value of x which you might be familiar with. If you take x is equal to negative two, the absolute value of
that is going to be two. Negative one, absolute value is one. Zero, absolute value is zero. One, absolute value is one. So on and so forth. What I wanna do in this video is think about how the
equation will change if we were to shift this graph. So in particular, we're
gonna first think about what would be the equation
of this graph if we shift, if we shift three to the right and then think about how that will change if not only do we shift three to the right but we also shift four up, shift four up, and so once again pause this
video like we always say and figure out what would the equation be if you shift three to
the right and four up? Alright, now let's do this together. So let's just first
shift three to the right and think about how that
might change the equation. So let's just visualize what
we're even talking about. So if we're gonna shift
three to the right, it would look like, it would look like this. So that's what we first wanna
figure out the equation for and so how would we think about it? Well, one way to think about it is, well, something interesting is happening right over here at x equals three. Before, that interesting
thing was happening at x equals zero. Now, it's happening at x equals three. And the interesting
thing that happens here is that you switch signs
inside the absolute value. Instead of taking an
absolute value of a negative, you're now taking the absolute value as you cross this point of a positive and that's why we see a
switch in direction here of this line and so you see the same thing
happening right over here. So at this point right over here, we know that our function, we know that our equation
needs to evaluate out to zero and this is where it's
going to switch signs and so we say, okay, well, this
looks like an absolute value so it's going to have the form, y is equal to the absolute
value of something and so you say, okay, if x is three, how do I make that equal to zero? Well, I can subtract three from it. If I say y is equal to the
absolute value of x minus three, well, let's try it out. Let's see if it makes sense. So when x is equal to three, three minus three is zero, absolute value of that is zero. That works out. When x is equal to four, four minus three is one,
absolute value of one is indeed, is indeed one. And if x is equal to two, well, two minus three is negative one but the absolute value of that is one. So once again, I'm showing you this by really trying out numbers, trying to give you a
little bit of an intuition because that wasn't obvious to
me when I first learned this that if I'm shifting to the right which it looks like I'm
increasing an x value but what I would really do is replace my x with an x minus the amount
that I'm shifting to the right but I encourage you to try numbers and think about what's happening here. At this vertex right over here, whatever was in the absolute
value sign was equaling zero. It's when whatever was in
the absolute value sign is switching from negative
signs to positive signs. So once again, if you
shift three to the right, that has to happen at x equals three. So whatever is inside
the absolute value sign has to be equal to zero at
x equals three and this, pause this video and
really think about this if it isn't making sense and even as you get more
and more familiar with this, I encourage you to try out the numbers. That will give you more,
instead of just memorizing, hey, if I shift to the right, I replace x with x minus
the amount that I shift. Always try out the numbers
and try to get an intuition for that why that works. But now, let's start from
here and shift four up and shifting four up is in
some ways a lot more intuitive. So let me do that. Let me shift four up. Alright, so let me move. I'm gonna go up one, two, three and four. I think I got that right. So now I've shifted four up. And just as a reminder
of what we've even done, the first part we shifted
three to the right and now we are shifting four up. So now, now we are shifting four up. So before, y equaled zero here but now, y needs to be equal to four. So whatever this was evaluating, do we now have to add four to it? So when we just shifted
three to the right, our equation was y is
equal to the absolute value of x minus three but now whatever we were getting before, we now have to add four to it. We're going up in the vertical direction. So we just have to add four. Now, this makes a little bit more sense. If you're shifting in
the vertical direction, if you shift up in the vertical direction, well, you just add a constant
by the amount you're shifting. If you shift down in
the vertical direction, well, you would subtract. If we said shift down four, you would subtract four right over here. The less intuitive thing
is what we did with x 'cause when you shift to the right, you actually replace your x with x minus the amount that you shifted but once again, try out numbers until it really makes some
intuitive sense for you but this is what we would finally get. The equation of this thing right over here is y is equal to the absolute value of x minus three plus four.