If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Main content

### Course: Operations and Algebraic Thinking 222-226>Unit 2

Lesson 4: Two-step equations intro

# Worked example: two-step equations

Sal solves the equation -16 = x/4 + 2. It takes two steps because he first has to subtract 2 from both sides and then multiply both sides by 4. Created by Sal Khan and Monterey Institute for Technology and Education.

## Want to join the conversation?

• cant you just solve this equation by doing the whole thing backwards instead of doing all of this stuff? otherwise, is there a simpler way to solve this
(54 votes)
• I don't think the teacher thought this through.
(1 vote)
• Here is an example:)

Marta gets paid \$15 for each sale, plus a base salary of \$250 per week. Marta wants to earn \$550 this week.

How many sales must she make?
Define a variable for the unknown.
Let x = number of sales
Write an expression that models the problem (in this case, how Marta's weekly pay is calculated).
15x + 250
Set the expression equal to the final result.
15x + 250 = 550
(25 votes)
• X=20, this is the correct answer
(1 vote)
• In this example, why would we divide first then subtract? 30=5(x+1)
(8 votes)
• Use the order of operations (or GEMS): Grouping symbols, Exponents, Multiplicatives (Multiplying and dividing), and Subtractives (Subtraction and addition)
(2 votes)
• What if there are two variables on one side, ( e.g. -20=-4x-6x)
(4 votes)
• If they are the same variables, just add or subtract them to get -4x - 6x = -10x. Then your equation simplifies to -20 = -10x → x = 2.
(7 votes)
• Anyone knows why we have to subtract on both sides
(2 votes)
• An equation acts like the scale/balance in science class. To keep the scale in balance, we always do the same operation to both sides of the equation when we move items across the equals symbol.

There are videos on this back in the lessons on 1-step equations.
Hope this helps.
(8 votes)
• How would you solve w+7/4=4
(3 votes)
• You would subtract 7/4 from both sides.
You then will need a common denominator to do 4 - 7/4.
Hope this helps.
(5 votes)
• How would you do -11b+7=40 ?
(2 votes)
• Two steps: Closest to the b is multiply by -11 and then add 7, so going backwards, subtract 7 from both sides and divide by -11. (40-7)/(-11).
(6 votes)
• so if i am correct for the problem -4(w+1) = -24
its answer is 5?
(1 vote)
• Yes, the answer is 5. You can confirm this yourself by substituting 5 into the equation in place of w. Then see if the 2 sides are equal. If they are, then you have a good solution. If the sides are not equal, then you have a math error either in finding the original solution or in your check.
(7 votes)
• what if the question was -30= 5(x+1)? How would I solve that?
(1 vote)
• -30 = 5(x+1) [We open the bracket]
-30 = 5x+1 [Transposition method]
-30-1 = 5x
Therefore,
-31/5 = x
Have an amazing day, I hope this helped
Thank you!
(7 votes)
• So basically everything has to be equal? Also how would you rewrite -16=x/4+2 so the = is at the end?😕🤔
(2 votes)
• -16=x/4+2
-16-2=x/4
-18=x/4
-18*4=x
-72=x
x=-72
Hope this helped!
(4 votes)

## Video transcript

We have the equation negative 16 is equal to x over 4, plus 2. And we need to solve for x. So we really just need to isolate the x variable on one side of this equation, and the best way to do that is first to isolate it-- isolate this whole x over 4 term from all of the other terms. So in order to do that, let's get rid of this 2. And the best way to get rid of that 2 is to subtract it. But if we want to subtract it from the right-hand side, we also have to subtract it from the left-hand side, because this is an equation. If this is equal to that, anything we do to that, we also have to do to this. So let's subtract 2 from both sides. So you subtract 2 from the right, subtract 2 from the left, and we get, on the left-hand side, negative 16 minus 2 is negative 18. And then that is equal to x over 4. And then we have positive 2 minus 2, which is just going to be 0, so we don't even have to write that. I could write just a plus 0, but I think that's a little unnecessary. And so we have negative 18 is equal to x over 4. And our whole goal here is to isolate the x, to solve for the x. And the best way we can do that, if we have x over 4 here, if we multiply that by 4, we're just going to have an x. So we can multiply that by 4, but once again, this is an equation. Anything you do to the right-hand side, you have to do to the left-hand side, and vice versa. So if we multiply the right-hand side by 4, we also have to multiply the left-hand side by 4. So we get 4 times negative 18 is equal to x over 4, times 4. The x over 4 times 4, that cancels out. You divide something by 4 and multiply by 4, you're just going to be left with an x. And on the other side, 4 times negative 18. Let's see, that's 40. Well, let's just write it out. So 18 times 4. If we were to multiply 18 times 4, 4 times 8 is 32. 4 times 1 is 4, plus 1 is 72. But this is negative 18 times 4, so it's negative 72. So x is equal to negative 72. And if we want to check it, we can just substitute it back into that original equation. So let's do that. Let's substitute this into the original equation. So the original equation was negative 16 is equal to-- instead of writing x, I'm going to write negative 72-- is equal to negative 72 over 4 plus 2. Let's see if this is actually true. So this right-hand side simplifies to negative 72 divided by 4. We already know that that is negative 18. So this is equal to negative 18 plus 2. This is what the equation becomes. And then the right-hand side, negative 18 plus 2, that's negative 16. So it all comes out true. This right-hand side, when x is equal to negative 72, does indeed equal negative 16.