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Current time:0:00Total duration:4:23

Bronze doors, Saint Michael's, Hildesheim, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, 1015

Video transcript

[Music] we're looking at the bishop burn Ward doors that date from about 10:15 we know that Bishop burn Ward went on a pilgrimage to Rome and then returned back to Hilda Syme and wanted to recreate some of the monumental art that he saw and specifically when he was in Rome he saw the monumental wooden doors of Santa Sabina that have scenes from the old and new testament carved into them and he felt like he needed his own doors we read these starting in the upper left-hand corner in which you have the creation of Eve from the sight of Adam and then below that is the presentation of Eve Adam then the temptation below that is then the accusation of a diminutive and then below that the expulsion the panel below that interrupted by the door handles and we see Adam working the land on the Left Evenor Singh on the right and a fun fact about Eve nursing is that this is one of maybe only 20 images of Eve nursing below that we have Cain and Abel and their sacrifices or presentation to the Lord below that the final panel of is the murder of Abel by Cain and then instead of going back to the top on the right it starts at the bottom where we have the Annunciation with Mary and the angel then the Nativity that's the birth of Jesus and then the scene that's interrupted by the door-handle here is the adoration of the Magi we have three Magi on the right approaching Mary and Jesus on the Left above that we have the presentation in the temple above that we've got Christ being presented to either Herod or Pilate before his crucifixion above that we've got the crucifixion of Christ above that we have the Mary's at the tomb which was the standard scene showing the resurrection in the early Middle Ages and then at the very top we have what's called the no LeMay attend jury Mary Magdalene sees Jesus in the garden and he says don't touch me and so we have our scenes from early Genesis and then scenes from the Gospels now one of the really interesting things that happens here is that we have all these scenes lined up next to each other there are some visual and also some themed attic pattern that happened left to right and the one that I think is a really good example and the third panel from the top we've got the temptation Adam and Eve are about to eat the fruit and then on the right the crucifixion and if we look at the tree that holds the fruit in the Adam and Eve scene it's very much a cruciform shaped tree just as we have Christ on the cross in the center of the other image and then we have Adam and Eve on either side just as we have the tormentors on either side and then on the far edges of the Adam and Eve scene we've got trees and then we have Mary and John and the crucifixion scene so there is similarity of composition and what I think that does is bring out the thematic connection of an Adam all men die and in Christ all men are made of life which is a really important idea for Christianity and especially for Christianity in the Middle Ages absolutely this is a very long old tradition in Christianity to compare Christ as the new Adam and then married the new Eve and you have traditions that the cross was made from the wood of the tree in the garden so this is an auto naeun work of art and auto nians were kind of hangers-on to the Carolingian Renaissance they saw themselves as being inheritors of the Carolingian Empire in my mind they're not so much looking back so diligently to the classical models but there is definitely the flavor of some of that Carolingian Renaissance here these are cast in solid bronze and it's very much thought that the lost wax method was used here that Bishop Bernard had his artists recreate or rediscover the lost wax method so that these doors could be cast in two single pieces as opposed to being hammered from the inside with the rape Jose and that is very much in keeping with that Carolingian and the inherited idea of looking back to classical and ancient models and reclaiming them and reviving right so we have the ancient method used here in the Otto nian period you [Music]