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Video transcript

hello grammarians hello Rosie hi David how are you good how are you good today we are going to talk about run-ons and comma splices so a run-on sentence is what happens when two independent clauses are put together in one sentence without any punctuation or coordinating conjunctions like and but or so Rosie what is a good example of a run-on sentence we bought nails we bought a hammer yeah so we can see that this sentence contains two two individual independent clauses so we've got number one we bought nails number two we bought a hammer now there are a couple of different ways we could make this a legal sentence but right now as it stands this is a run-on right so there are a couple ways we could fix this sentence one way would be just to add a semicolon in there also you've got two independent clauses we bought nails semicolon we bought a hammer right another way you could do that would be to just add a comma and then the conjunction and so you're connecting those two clauses so this is a run-on sentence without this and in this comma and it's called that because it's sort of like a runaway train you know it doesn't have enough stoppage in it how I would put it so that's what a run-on sentences and now I want to talk about commas splicing and the word splice not a super common term if you are neither a sailor or a film editor but splicing is a word that originally meant to take two ropes untangle them and weave them back together it's a sailor's term related to rope lines in our case for grammar a splice a comma splice is an inappropriate joining of two independent clauses by using a comma so so Rosie this is little Toni crime-fighting pony right so for example in this sentence I love little Toni to pony up to the streets it's my favorite movie in the little Toni franchise very fine series of non-existent films the problem with this sentence is that right now it's got this comma in the middle of it and this comma inappropriately joins these two independent clauses oh and this whole time I forgot to say two independent clauses inappropriately joined by a comma so okay so we've got independent clause number one remember this link could stand on its own as a sentence I love the name of this movie I love little Toni to pony up to the streets that could be its own sentence on its own ended with a period period it's my favorite movie in the little Tony franchise period but we have these two independent clauses right we cannot join them with just a comma we could say I love little Tony to pony up to the streets comma and it's my favorite movie in the little Tony franchise or as we did in the previous example we could also throw in a semicolon which is I think what I would rather do I love little Tony to pony up to the streets semicolon it's my favorite movie in the little Tony franchise and Rosie you will notice that I have underlined these these titles oh yes because these are the names of published works right even though we made them up exactly but okay but for real I would love to see like a little tawny crime-fighting Pony surly so to review um when you're looking at a run-on you're looking at two independent clauses that are together in one sentence that are joined inappropriately without punctuation or conjunctions so we bought nails we bought a hammer there's there's not really a place to know where the division between clauses is in that and so the thing to do is to either is to add some kind of is to add a comma and some and a conjunction or to combine them using a semicolon the same deal with a comma splice it's just that a comma splice is a run-on that hasn't been next all the way right the commas being used but we need some bigger punctuation in place of the comma something like a semicolon in order to make a distinction between those two independent clauses so that is how you identify and fix run-ons and comma splices you can learn anything Dave it out Rosie out