David and Paige, KA’s resident grammarians, cover appositives and how to use commas along with them.
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- In the sentence at00:41, My older sister, Griselda, is going to college in the fall; if I put Griselda at the beginning of the sentence, it continues as an appositive? Griselda, my older sister, is going to college in the fall.(18 votes)
- In that sentence ("Griselda, my older sister, is ..."), the appositive is "my older sister." It appears between two commas and provides additional information about Griselda (the fact that she is "my older sister").
In the first example, "Griselda" is the appositive because it shows up between two commas and is providing additional information about "my older sister" (the fact that her name is Griselda).
Hope this helps!(39 votes)
- When you have an appositive in a sentence you put a comma either side of it like this: "The squirrel, Mr Nutty, was playing leap frog." But would you put a comma in if the appositive isn't there like this: "The squirrel, was playing leap frog."
I hope I've made this question clear enough.(8 votes)
- "The squirrel, was playing leap frog" is incorrect
the correct sentence is "The squirrel was playing leap frog". In the first, there is an extra pause, the comma. In short, you wouldn't have the comma.(8 votes)
- i don't know how to use a apostrophe in a sentence can someone help me everyday except for saturday and sunday please and thank you.(6 votes)
- There are two basic ways to use the apostrophe: to show possession (ex. Bob’s dog = the dog that belongs to Bob) and to join two words in a contraction (ex. Bob’s happy = Bob is happy).
Khan Academy also has some videos on the apostrophe: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/grammar/punctuation-the-comma-and-the-apostrophe
Let me know if you need more help on this topic!(6 votes)
- I have a question. I did a question in the exercise and it said: "I get to work by train my preferred mode of transportation". They told me to correct this sentence. So is "I get to work by train, my preferred mode, of transportation" also correct? They said it was wrong.(4 votes)
- One way to double check yourself is by checking if you can take out your appositive with the sentence still making sense. So in your attempt if you were to take out your appositive, "my preferred mode," you would be left with the sentence "I get to work by train of transportation" which doesn't make much sense. That's why "I get to work by train, my preferred mode of transportation." is correct. We can take out the appositive "my preferred mode of transportation."(7 votes)
- so you're saying "appositives" are a noun phrase that describes a sentence. right?(5 votes)
- An appositive is, indeed, a noun phrase. But it does not describe a sentence, it just tells you a little bit more about the noun to which it stands in apposition.
"Sarah, my sister, is pregnant."(5 votes)
- and it could be on the start, middle or end. correct?(4 votes)
- If you're asking about where an appositive might go in a sentence, you're OK (except the appositive usually goes next to the thing to which it stands in apposition). So, let's try a few.
Appositive at the beginning of a sentence:
"Isa, a prophet in Islam, said some very good things."
Appositive in the middle of a sentence.
"The red car I bought from Stan, the salesman, is fast."
Appositive at the end of a sentence.
"She answered a question asked by Ibrahim, my student at Khan Academy."(4 votes)
- appositive almost sounds like apostrophe. Do they have anything in common besides at0:20-"ad"(2 votes)
- Great question, Isabella!
They're similar sounding, but they have different origins:
appositivecomes from the Latin
ad-, a prefix meaning to, and
ponere, which means to place or put. When you put the prefix
ad-in front of a root that begins with a different consonant, the
dchanges to match that consonant, doubling it.
apostropheis a compound from Greek:
apois Greek for away, and
strepheinis Greek for to turn.
English is a path with many footprints on it. Not everything that sounds alike is necessarily related.(8 votes)
- Why cant i just say "they stopped selling snickers"
insted of "they stopped selling my favriote candy,snickers"(3 votes)
- You can say, "They stopped selling snickers." But if the people who aren't familiar with "snickers" read the sentence, no meaning will come through. After all, "Snickers" could be a brand of toilet paper, or shovels, or rat poison.
By adding in the information that snickers is your favorite candy, the reader learns something about you,(your favor) and something about snickers (that it is candy).(3 votes)
- How does the word 'that' work?
Ex. Can you hand me that towel?
In the sentence above, it makes sense that 'towel' is clarifying what 'that' is. But putting a comma after the word 'that' makes the sentence sound weird. Is there a special exception to the 'appositive rule', or is this not technically an appositive?(2 votes)
- An appositive is a noun phrase in which one noun (or pronoun) is used, then another is used to clarify it.
that towelmay seem like an appositive, but really
thatis acting as an adjective describing which towel, and thus
that towelis just a regular noun phrase: adjective, noun.(5 votes)
- So... could you also say: "Griselda, my sister, is going to college this fall." In that case, would my sister be the Appositive? Or is Griselda still the Appositive?(3 votes)
- Whatever is contained in the commas is the appositive, so in that case
my sisterwould be the appositive.(2 votes)
- [Voiceover] Hello grammarians, and hello Paige. - [Voiceover] Hi David. - [Voiceover] So today we're going to be talking about the appositive, which is just a monster of a word. I can tell you that from my limited study of Latin it comes from ad positio, which is "putting on", which doesn't really necessarily help. What is this thing? What is this device, how do we use it, and what does it have to do with commas? - [Voiceover] That is a great question. The definition itself is also kind of confusing, but it'll make a lot of sense when we see some examples. My older sister, Griselda, is going to college in the fall. - [Voiceover] Okay, so, an appositive, what is the definition of an appositive then? - [Voiceover] So it is a noun phrase that clarifies or redefines its antecedent. - [Voiceover] And an antecedent is just something that comes before, so what we're doing here with Griselda is, we are redefining or clarifying who my older sister is, so in order to do that, we're putting it between these commas like so, and we're just saying it again. My older sister, Griselda, is going to college in the fall. - [Voiceover] Right. - [Voiceover] But it doesn't always have to be in the middle like this, right. - [Voiceover] That's true, it can be say, at the end. So, they stopped selling my favorite snack, the Cookie Cat. - [Voiceover] I am so sorry. - [Voiceover] I know. It's so sad. - [Voiceover] So we've got this apposition then at the end of the sentence, so my favorite snack is being redefined or clarified by Cookie Cat. Or rather, Cookie Cat is clarifying or redefining my favorite snack. - [Voiceover] Right. I could just say, "They stopped selling my favorite snack." - [Voiceover] That could just be its own sentence right. - [Voiceover] Totally. - [Voiceover] They stopped selling my favorite snack. My older sister is going to college in the fall. This stuff isn't essential to the understanding of the sentence. - [Voiceover] Right, but if you don't know what my favorite snack is, then it's helpful for me to say, the Cookie Cat. - [Voiceover] So you can use them as in the first sentence, my older sister comma Griselda comma is going to college in the fall, or you can use it as in the second sentence, they stopped selling my favorite snack comma the Cookie Cat period. - [Voiceover] Right. You don't need another comma. - [Voiceover] Right. - [Voiceover] At the end. - [Voiceover] Let's change that back into a comma. - [Voiceover] So this is just another illustration of the separating power of the comma, cuz we're using it to set off this explanatory, clarifying element in the middle or at the end of these sentences. - [Voiceover] Yeah, exactly, that's what the comma does. Man, it seems like commas can do anything. - [Voiceover] Yeah, it's pretty incredible. You know what else can do anything? - [Voiceover] What? - [Voiceover] The viewer, you the viewer, you can learn anything. That's the appositive and how it relates to commas. David out. - [Voiceover] Paige out.