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Current time:0:00Total duration:5:34

Video transcript

all right so grammarians I want to talk to you about the difference between subject and object pronouns but before we do that let's start off with a little primer on what subjects and objects actually are just generally for our grammatical purposes so in grammar the subject is the part of the sentence or clause that does a thing the subject does a thing the object on the other hand is the thing that is acted on has stuff done to it so the object has stuff done to it so the subject acts the object is acted upon let's give an example so in the sentence Raina wrote an email the subject of the sentence the doer of the thing is Raina Raina is the subject the thing she is doing is writing an email so Raina wrote an email email is the object of the verb wrote it is the object of the sentence now there are cases when a sentence doesn't have an object well for example we could just say Raina wrote doesn't have an object it's just right as the subject and then there is no object this is what we call intransitive usage but you don't need to write that down or anything now understanding the relationship between email and Raina enables you to understand how subject and object pronouns are used so when we're subbing out these nouns for pronouns we can figure out which ones we have to use because pronouns have different forms depending on whether or not they are subjects or objects so Raina is a girl's name and if we know that Raina is a girl we can refer to her as either she or her these are two of the feminine pronouns one of these is a subject and one of them is an object she is the subject form and is the object form so if we wanted to rewrite this sentence speaking of Reina we would say she wrote an email not her wrote an email you see because her is the object pronoun and therefore is the thing that had is the up the object pronoun has stuff done to it as opposed to the doer of things she is the subject form it's the doer for email it's easy this just becomes it in all cases the subject form and the object form are the same let's do a couple more examples just to shore this up so you see what I mean I give her a present right now I is the subject her is the object subject object but what if we switched it what would it look like then well it wouldn't be her give I a present because since we're switching the subject and the object we're going to be switching the pronouns that we use to so it would be she gave me a present now she is the subject form of her and me is the subject is the object form excuse me me is the object form of I get a little period in there same thing with they and he so they showed him a guitar why not so they is the subject and him is the object and let's give it the old switcheroo he showed them a guitar so now we do the switcheroo him becomes he so we go from the object form which is him to the subject form which is he and then they the subject form becomes them the object form now when it comes to you and it you're in luck because the the subject and object forms of these are the same so subject equals object with you and it so I could say you give it a present just as easily as I could say it gives you a present well I didn't realize I change this to the past tense she gives me a present there we go that's better and that's the difference between a subject and an object pronoun you can learn anything David out