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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:3:45

Video transcript

hello grammarians let's talk about personal pronouns but first let me lay some sentences on you jake and i baked a loaf of bread we baked a loaf of bread you can learn anything my friends are cool they are cool now i'm gonna circle a few of these words so the ones i wrote in yellow point them out to you i we you my they these are personal pronouns they're pronouns that change depending on how you're using them on whether you're using them as the object of a sentence as the subject to show ownership and so on but we'll get to those in later videos for now i want to talk about the three basic types of english pronoun broadly speaking there are pronouns about me pronouns about you and pronouns about something or someone else this is an idea called grammatical person pronouns about me are first person pronouns about you our second person and pronouns about something or someone else are third person so when i say i love my dog friendy i is a first person pronoun in the sentence she is an excellent dog where she subs out for frying she is a third person pronoun here is a picture of franny i think we can all agree she is perfect thank you okay so what i want to do here is fill out this table with some of the basic pronouns we use to talk about ourselves divided between singular that is one person and plural or more than one person some first person pronouns are i me my and mine but what if there's more than one of me what if i'm part of a group and i want to refer to that group well then i'd use a plural pronoun like we us our or ours second and third person are interesting because they have pronouns that pull double duty in second person the singular and plural are identical singular second person is you your and yours and plural second person is the same you your and yours that is to say it's the same whether or not you're referring to one person here in singular or many people here in plural understanding whether you mean one you or a plural you depends on context and it's usually very easy to figure out third person pronouns belong to the most crowded category because the world is full of things and people who are neither me nor you for singular pronouns we have she her and hers he him and his they them their and theirs and it and it's they like you can refer to both a single person or multiple people but it doesn't specify a gender like she and he do this is extremely useful take note that the word it only refers to inanimate objects and sometimes non-human animals but never to people a robot yes a person not so much now in the plural category much simpler we have they them their and similar to singular versus plural you singular versus plural they depends on context and it'll be obvious from the words around it which one you mean this is a lot of information to swallow pause this if you need to practice saying the different pronouns aloud do the exercises on the khan academy site or app this is not the only time i'll be talking about personal pronouns in this course so we have an opportunity to go deeper especially if you want to know more about the history of the singular use of they which is super cool in the meantime please enjoy this second image of my dog frying who is again as i said a perfect dog you can learn anything dave it out