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Video transcript

hello grammarians so today I'd like to talk to you about the idea of concrete and abstract nouns and before we do that I'd like to get into some origin some word origins or etymology so let's let's take each of these words in turn because I think by digging into what these words mean literally what they mean and where they come from we'll get a better understanding of this concept so both of these words come to us from Latin concrete comes to us from the Latin concrete as' which means to grow together so this part of it means grown and this part means together in refers to something that you know has has grown together and become thick and kind of hard to get through and physical the connotation here is that this is a physical thing something that is concrete is physical abstract on the other hand means to draw something away so as something that is abstract is drawn away from the real from the concrete from the physical so this is not physical and we make this distinction in English when we're talking about nouns is it something that is concrete is it something that you can look at or pick up or or smell or sense or something that is abstract something that isn't physical but can still be talked about so for example um for example the word sadness is a noun right this is this is definitely a noun it's got this noun making ending this now in forming suffix Ness you know we take the adjective sad and we we toss this Ness part on to it we've got a noun but can you see sadness is it something you can pick up sure you can tell by being you know observant and empathetic that your friend is sad but it's not it's not something that you can pick up it's not you can't be like a measurable degree of sad you couldn't take someone's sadness put it under a microscope and say oh Roberta you are 32 degrees Micra sad you know it's not it's not it's not something physical concrete things on the other hand are things that we can see or count or measure just parts of the physical world so anything you look at like a dog is concrete a ball is concrete a cliff is concrete happiness is abstract the idea of freedom is abstract though the presence of freedom in your life may manifest in physical objects like oh my parents let me have the freedom to eat ice cream ice cream is you know a concrete noun but freedom the thing that allows you you know the permission that you get from your parents to have ice cream that's not a physical object so that's basically the difference so a concrete noun is a physical object and an abstract noun is not this is why I really wanted to hit the idea that a noun can be a person place thing or idea because nouns can be ideas and those those ideas tend to be abstract sadness happiness freedom permission liberty injustice all of these are abstract ideas that's the difference you can learn anything Dave it out