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Video transcript

hanck grammarians today we're going to talk about three of the relative adverbs in English which is where when and why and this over here is Peggy the dragon and we're going to use the story of Peggy the dragon in order to figure out how to use these relative adverbs you may be looking at these words and thinking that they look an awful lot like question words and you're right they are these are question words but you can also so you can use them to ask a question like where are you from because we use the word where to figure out where stuff is in space so you know where figures out place so Peggy could respond and say that is the cave where I grew up and you can see that where here is not being used in a question way it's actually connecting the the clause I grew up to cave and this is why we call this a relative adverb because the word where modifies the word grew it's I grew up where and it also connects this whole thing to cave because where did Peggy grow up a cave and it connects this whole chunk to the rest of the sentence to the sentence being that as the cave we use the word when to ask questions about time so if I asked Peggy you know your dragon when did you learn to breathe fire because all dragons can breathe fire she would say I learned to breathe fire when I was ten years old so again we're using this word when to connect these two ideas when did she learn to breathe fire when she was 10 years old and technically when is an adverb that modifies was finally we use the word Y to figure out reasons for doing stuff so if something strange were happening in the countryside and I asked Peggy oh mighty dragon do you know why it is raining fish Peggy could say I don't know why that's happening so again we've got these two clauses that is happening and I don't know and why connects and relates them and why is modifying is happening here and there are other relative adverbs like while is another way to say when and whence which is archaic and nobody really uses it but it's another way to say where and if you're familiar with Romeo and Juliet from Jake's beer you've probably heard the the word we're for you know as in Romeo Romeo wherefore art thou Romeo deny thy father refused the name etc and that's an old-fashioned way of saying why so we don't really say we're for anymore we don't really say whence anymore but while is another way to say when we're you asked about place when you asked about time why is for reasons these are the relative adverbs of English you can learn anything Dave it out