AP®︎/College Art History
- What is art history and where is it going?
- Introduction to art historical analysis
- How to do visual (formal) analysis in art history
- Art historical analysis (painting), a basic introduction using Goya's Third of May, 1808
- A brief history of representing the body in Western painting
- A brief history of representing of the body in Western sculpture
Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
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- 4:27, is there any significance to the feet of the female figure extending slightly below that of her male counterparts?(23 votes)
- I think that the elongation that many people have noticed emphasized grace in that era;thus, it was the way an artist could emphasize the beauty they saw in their subjects.(2 votes)
- @0:38, was the spear destroyed or stolen, or is that a question that has never been answered?(4 votes)
- I think that it was a statue of a man who happens to be a spear bearer, but does not show any actual spear, and is just about the man.(2 votes)
- How do you tell the difference between art from the Renaissance period and the Classical period?(4 votes)
- These boundaries are flexible, and the "periodization" of history is done as much for the convenience of scholars as for the observers. "Classical" generally refers to ancient Mediterranean societies (particularly those of Greece and Rome). Renaissance came much later. There were hundreds of years and lots of geography in between. Mere dating and locating can solve much of the question for you.(2 votes)
- Does this mean there is a connection between ancient Greece's art and ancient European art?(3 votes)
- Because Greece is physically and culturally European, from ancient times, even to today, I guess the answer to your question must be "yes, absolutely yes."(3 votes)
- What would a sculpture of the human body look like in the 21st century?(3 votes)
- It depends; many artists draw on the classical tradition, while others prefer heavy abstraction and use of innovative materials.
Just google "21st century sculpture" and you'll get all kinds of stuff :)(3 votes)
- Question: What do the sculptures represent? I realized the answer and I will put it up for anyone who sees this:
Answer: The earliest sculpture was probably made to supply magical help to hunters. After the dawn of civilization, statues were used to represent gods. Ancient kings, possibly in the hope of making themselves immortal, had likenesses carved, and portrait sculpture was born.(4 votes)
- The sculptures on the cathedral were presumably commissioned by someone with more money/power. I'm interested in the balance between the sculptor's personal preferences/ideologies and those of the commissioner's. Does anybody know how that dynamic might have worked in the Middle Ages?(3 votes)
- From what I understand, artists were viewed very differently in the Middle Ages than they are today.
The modern view is that artists are individuals with their own style, and their art is worth based on their talent. However, in the Middle Ages, artists were seen as craftsmen, and the value of their work depended mostly on the materials used in their painting. For example, a panel painted with lapiz lazuli and gilded with gold leaf would always cost more than one made with less expensive paints, no matter who made it. Artists, instead of having their own individual vision and style, would hew to tradition by looking at how previous artists painted something. The patron would order one Saint Francis and the painter would paint one Saint Francis in the way his forebearers had - that is why you see spades of indistinguishable Madonna and Childs in Medieval Art. (But keep in mind that this does not make Medieval art "inferior," it's just that society viewed it differently.)
But for the Renaissance, it was a different story - one time, the 60 year-old Isabella d'Este commissioned a portrait from Titian, but was so averse to the final product, she made Titian repaint her to look three times younger!(2 votes)
- how is it naturalistic because you can see the bones, muscle, weight shift... if abstraction shows the same things(except they have clothes on)(1 vote)
- The abstraction ignores proportion. The figures are elongated - very tall and long, more than any real human is.
Also, in real life, you can usually see the shape of the body under people's clothes, such as the left knee in this sculpture of Donatello: http://www.artble.com/imgs/5/7/d/34976/donatello.jpg
But you cannot see this in Gothic sculptures. It's just stylized drapery.(4 votes)
- is there a defined evolution of figurative free standing sculpture from late Gothic to the high Renaissance?(2 votes)
- The reason for why the medieval period started gaining interest in forms of sculpting like the Jamb figures proposed is a direct result of the Sack of Rome in 400 C.E. and the later christianization that happened during the Middle Ages? I also find it kind of interesting that Donatello's David has a feminine sort of appearance as well as a different metal than the Doryphoros (most likely bronze rather than marble). Does that have any significance too, or is that just the medium he used?(2 votes)
- I would say it was the medium used as many statues of women (as well of goddesses) were done in marble because it gave a smoother appearance that might be seen as feminine.(2 votes)