AP®︎/College Art History
- Beliefs of Hinduism
- Beliefs made visible: Hindu art in South Asia
- Hindu temples
- Sacred space and symbolic form at Lakshmana Temple, Khajuraho (India)
- The Historical Buddha
- Introduction to Buddhism
- Beliefs made visible: Buddhist art in South Asia
- The stupa
- The stupa
- Shiva as Lord of the Dance (Nataraja)
- Bichitr, Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings
- The Taj Mahal
A Hindu temple can be a simple structure by the side of the road or a large complex including many buildings. Temples serve as dwelling places for deities, surrounded by markets selling offerings and flowers. The inner sanctuaries are small and intended for a few worshippers at a time. Above the sanctuaries are central towers, shaped like the mountain home of the gods and brightly painted. Created by Asian Art Museum.
Want to join the conversation?
- where do they bury the dead(2 votes)
- are the "untouchables" allowed to enter into temples?(2 votes)
- That depends on who you ask. Formally most temples are open to all Hindus. According to the law, "untouchability" (treating someone an an untouchable) is a punishable offence in India. In practice, in many places they still feel unwelcome or actually hindered,
According to a 2014 survey, "untouchability" was still practiced by 27% of Indians, according to Wikipedia. I do not know if that was 27% of the population, in which case it would be a rather higher number of the other castes. The "untouchables" make up around 25% of the population.
Apparently the reactions towards "untouchables" is generally stronger in the country districts than in the towns, where traditions are less adhered to. Also, keeping track of who's who is more difficult in a city.
The rationale behind keeping the "untouchables" out seems to be that the "untouchables" do not belong to any of the four Vedic classes and therefore cannot be true Hindus even if they consider themselves Hindus.
But there are exceptions.
Here, two widows of the untouchables were made priests:
(It does not say so here that they are Dalit or widows, but I've checked the newspapers.)
Even in Europe the "untouchables" are sometimes kept away from Hindu places of worship.(5 votes)
- It talked about sacred bathing pools. In christianity that may represent John the baptist/ The baptisim of Jesus. What is the significance here?(1 vote)
- and hindiusum doesnt make you a different person, i am no different than you or sombody else. the religon is just different(2 votes)
- With all the intricate carvings and such, and advanced building, how long does it usually take to make a temple with a complex of buildings like at0:40?(2 votes)
- How did they do that! It's amazing!(1 vote)
- Yup! (I used to live in india) Once my friends and I went on a trip to Hampi, India. We visited dozens of temples. All of them are huge and I always wonder how they could do all of it with out needing modern day machines.(2 votes)
- how do they pay people to make statues and how did they have thoughs statue on the top of the building(1 vote)
- I can think of 3 possible answers to your first question.
It could be that donors give money to the organization that runs the temple, and the temple committee pays the carvers with that money.
It could be that someone pays a carver to make a statue, and then gives the statue to the temple.
It could be that someone carves a statue herself, and gives that statue to the temple.
As for your second question, I don't understand what you're asking. Fix the question, and I'll think about an answer.(2 votes)
(mystical music) - [Instructor] Hindu temples can be seen throughout the villages, towns, and cities of India. A temple can be a simple structure by the side of the road or an entire complex of buildings. Regardless of its size, the Hindu temple is essentially a dwelling place for the gods. (bell ringing) A principal deity resides at the heart of each temple, like a king or queen in their palace. Other deities, attendants, and mythical figures can also be seen as part of the temple structure. Surrounding the temples are stalls selling offerings and souvenirs, such as fruit, flowers, sweets, and postcards. The atmosphere around the temple is lively and boisterous. The interior of a Hindu temple is not designed to hold large congregations. Worshipers come and go in small groups through a hallway leading to an inner sanctuary. Here, the image or symbol of the main deity is located. In an active temple, statues of the deities are covered with garlands and draped with rich fabrics. Above the sanctuary rises a central tower, often brightly painted. The shape of the tower resembles the mythical mountain home of the gods. Other features of temples include sacred bathing ponds, walled enclosures, and gateways in a variety of shapes and sizes. Here, at Madurai in southern India, the gateways tower above the temple complex and are covered with statues. Some temples are no longer in active use. At Khajuraho in central India, tourists now flock to see celebrated images of gods and loving couples adorning the exterior walls. In Konark, near the eastern coast, are the remains of one of the largest temples ever built in India. It was dedicated to the sun god Surya. The original tower no longer survives, and we can only imagine its size from the smaller buildings that still stand. (singing in foreign language) The immense variety of temples throughout India is the result of local styles and preferences and centuries of architectural developments. Each attest to the artistry of countless masons and sculptors. The sculptures of deities seen in the Asian Art Museum were once part of an active Hindu temple. They adorned the exterior walls, interior spaces, entranceways, high wall niches, and inner sanctuaries. (mystical music)