AP®︎/College Art History
- Visualizing Imperial Rome
- Digging through time
- Pompeii: House of the Vettii
- Veristic Male Portrait
- Head of a Roman Patrician
- Augustus of Primaporta
- Augustus of Primaporta
- Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
- Imperial fora
- Forum and Markets of Trajan
- The Forum of Trajan
- Markets of Trajan
- Column of Trajan
- The Pantheon
- The Pantheon
- Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
Explore Rome Reborn, a 3D journey through Rome in 320 C.E. Discover the Circus Maximus, the Imperial Palace, the Roman Forum, and the Pantheon. Learn about the emperors, their monuments, and public facilities. Dive into the history of ancient architecture and the vibrant city life of Rome.. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
Want to join the conversation?
- What program was used to make these virtual tours? The graphics are truly stunning and are an excellent compliment to the lectures.(118 votes)
- Probably in Maya or some other 3d modeling program and then it was put through Adobe Aftereffects.(38 votes)
- 1:17Why did Constantine move the Capital at the peak of Rome's development? It seems like a crazy thing to do. Was Constantine the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire?(39 votes)
- Constantine believed that the Roman Empire had become too big and disorganized to be managed as one Empire. So he split it into two halves. The eastern half became the Byzantine Empire. The capital of the eastern portion of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, became Constantinople, while the capital of the western Roman Empire remained Rome.
When Constantine split the Roman Empire it had actually already been in a slow decline for nearly two hundred years, so even though Rome was at its peak in terms of urbanization, the Roman Empire wasn't as economically sound anymore and it had faced significant political instability.
The Byzantine Empire outlasted the rest of the Roman Empire by nearly 1000 years. It didn't collapse until 1453, when it was defeated by the Ottoman Turks. Unlike the in the Roman Empire, Greek was the primary language in the Byzantine Empire.
The western Roman Empire fell in 476 AD. The western Roman Empire had its own emperor separate from the Eastern Roman Empire and its primary language was Latin instead of Greek. It was overrun by numerous Germanic tribes that ended up creating new monarchies. Italy itself fragmented into city-states and the countries that eventually became France, Spain, and England began to take shape. The fall of the Western Roman Empire marks the beginning of what's called the Dark Ages. During the Dark Ages many of the tribes that sacked Rome became Christianized as they formed their own kingdoms that replaced the Roman Empire. The Latin language also died out as a spoken language as early forms of French, Italian, and Spanish formed as spoken languages among commoners.
The Holy Roman Empire is really distinct from the actual Roman Empire that existed until 476. It was initially preceded by the Carolingian Empire, which ruled much of France and Germany. The Carolingians were a dynasty that ruled the Franks, which were a group of people that lived mainly in modern day France. In 800 A.D, the Carolingian king Charlemagne, was crowned by Pope Leo III and it was declared that the Roman Empire had been revived as "the Holy Roman Empire." The Carolingian kingdom eventually fell apart, but the Holy Roman Empire continued when Otto I, who ruled the German Kingdom, was also crowned as "Holy Roman Emperor" in 962 A.D.
Since 962 The Holy Roman Empire continued to exist until 1806. By the time it fell, the Holy Roman Emperor had really been nothing more than a figurehead for over a century. It had a rather complex history that I can't really go into here. It didn't have a specified capital, but it was really centered in modern Germany instead of Rome. For much of its later history in fact, the Holy Roman Empire didn't even include Rome or much of modern Italy. The important point to remember is that it the Holy Roman Empire really isn't a continuation of the Roman Empire since it didn't maintain Roman culture or Roman institutions. I find that the "Holy Roman Emperor" was really only the "Holy Roman Emperor" by name.(175 votes)
- This is AMAZING. How long do you think it took to make this?(44 votes)
- How come the Romans were so great at construction?(27 votes)
- All of the preceding answers are essentually correct, however the Romans themselves (historians) give two more reasons: fear and politics. Rome had so many civil wars that the emperors, senators, and even generals feared legions with too much time on their hands. They allieviated that fear by employing the legions in construction projects such as walls, aqueducts, hippodromes, and theaters. The legions also built roads, however most (outside of Britain) were built during the Republic or reign of Augustus and needed only maintenance. Also, sponsoring projects was both a prestige symbol and a legitimized way to buy votes. Small groups of wealthy Romans would pay for public buildings (temples, bath houses, basilicas) in provincial cities so that they or their friends might win political offices or just local fame. Often the man who sponsored a Ceasareum (temple to the emperor as a god) was rewarded with lands and/or a higher standing within the empire as a whole.(14 votes)
- Where did the Romans get all this marble from ?(22 votes)
- Did they ever cover up the skylight in the Pantheon? Seems like it would let in a lot of water when it rained (not sure if it snows in rome).(16 votes)
- They never coverd it up because it's the only source of light, apart from the doors, and hence it would be very dark inside without it.
The problem of the rain wasn't such a big thing: they built a drainage system right under the hole, so the floor wouldn't get wet. You also have to consider that in Rome it never snows (only once every 30 years maybe; I've seen it only once).
Also, if you think about it, the size of the dome is pretty big; and the hole it's just a small part of it, so most of the building is covered.
Moreover, it is said that since many candels were lit inside, the heat going up would vaporize the rain, so actually people couldn't feel it. I don't know if this is scientifically true.
Sources: I live in Rome, and I have studied it at school :)(16 votes)
- what are all the gods of rome?(3 votes)
- There are a LOT of Roman gods, spirits, etc. Be careful not to get them confused with their Greek counterparts, which have different names and slightly different characteristics.(4 votes)
- How long is the river?(7 votes)
- The Tiber river is the third longest river in Italy with 252 miles long ( 406 km). The second longest is the Adige river with 255 miles. The first longest is Po with 405 miles. The fourth longest is Adda river with 194 miles.(3 votes)
- Legend has it that two orphans named Romulus and Remus were taken care of by the she-wolf Lupa in the area of Rome. they eventually decided to build a city there and it became Rome. Archeological evidence says that the area of the city of Rome had human occupation for the last 14,000 years.(10 votes)
- At6:50, they said the coliseum also included "hunts of wild animals". What kind of animals did they hunt?(0 votes)
- Lions tigers and bears (oh my). They also hunted various herbivores like gazelles, deer and for the cocky hunter, rhinos, bulls, or elephants.(9 votes)