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in AD 12 to the Emperor Hadrian visited Britain from London he probably came to the far north of England to one of the remotest points of the Roman Empire here he built what is now a World Heritage Site he built this war hadrian's wall with his wall he left us one of the great monuments of Roman history and the reason for its creation is key to understanding Hadrian's rain Hadrian inherited an empire that suffered from serious problems of over stretch and one of his first big task was to fix the limits of the Empire that Rome could control he fixed it in Germany in Syria in North Africa and here in Northumberland on the borders between England and Scotland with his greatest of all surviving adrianna crown durries Hadrian's Wall there's great stone fort you see here on the edge of the Empire on the northern edge of the world an empire that ran from here to Egypt Hadrian's Wall wasn't a simple defensive barrier it was a brutally efficient security installation that allowed very efficient military and economic control of the area here because probably of ongoing trouble and warfare they have to to be much more efficient about it and they built this this huge structure three legions are involved over many years a lot of manpower it's a huge achievement engineering achievement the wall is 80 miles long and it stretches from bonus on Sol way to the river tyne originally only to Newcastle and then extended right the way down to wallsend or the Tyne estuary we are on hot bank crags and in between a couple of mild castles the little garrisons of maybe 20 30 men who originally were intended to look after Hadrian's Wall walking along this wall up and down you get some idea of what the Romans were up against in garrisoning something like there's thinking about what the functions that wall might be controlling movement this is what the mile castles were for now if you look at the many walls that go up in the world today we can get a sense of the original intention behind hadrian's wall and it was a very aggressive symbol and also very efficient practical tool of Roman dominance and this is only one of the borders of the Empire this was built all in stone and therefore seems now very impressive but there was the liaison in Germany and there was a similar sort of border installation in northern Africa it went all around the Empire and that's very impressive you