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Writing: Sentence Boundaries — Basic example

Writing: Grammar

Video transcript

Letizia Ortiz the queen of Spain was born into a middle-class Spanish family and worked as a broadcast journalist for many years before meeting Prince Felipe the couple have two daughters Leonor and Sofia glancing at the underlined section and looking at these these answer choices no change Felipe comma the Felipe period the Felipe and I'm feeling like this is a sentence boundaries question it could be the case that there are in fact two sentences hidden within this passage here and we have to crack them in half find the best way to do that to separate them in a legally grammatical way or it could be the case that we don't need to make a change so let's let's investigate no change I'm gonna tell you straight off the bat this isn't gonna work let's go through why what we have here is two independent clauses here's the first one Letizia Ortiz and let's cross out all the unnecessary details so these these asides bounded by commas the Queen of Spain right all we need to determine whether or not it's an independent clause as a subject right here and a verb so we've got Letizia Ortiz was born and worked right then after that before meeting Prince Felipe that's important in the context of the sentence but it's not actually that important to the structure of the sentence to form an independent clause so we've got our clause here Letizia Ortiz was born and worked check now we're gonna have to look for another subject another verb and we've got the couple that's another subject and have so we know that we've got two sentences here two independent clauses so that means we can't just have nothing between Prince Felipe and the because this is the start of a new sentence if we left it alone it would just be a run-on and that's not grammatical similarly that means we can also cross off option B Felipe comma the because you can use a comma to unite two independent clauses but only if you also use what's called a fanboy conjunction or and boys conjunction and that's for and nor but or yet and so and these can only be used these conjunctions can only be used in conjunction with a comma so it would be Felipe comma and the couple this means that we can't accept option D because it's just a conjunction and if you're combining two independent clauses like Letizia Ortiz was born and worked and the couple have you need to have a comma here right and as a fanboys conjunction so it has to be comma plus fanboys so this isn't an option either this leaves us with option C the correct answer we know it's the correct answer because it's got a period this correctly separates the two sentences from one another starts a new sentence capitalizes the first letter that's how we know so when you've identified a sentence boundaries question you can eliminate those answers that create grammatically incorrect sentences so for example option B gives you what's called a comma splice when you use just a comma to unite two independent clauses option a is a run-on sentence as is option D option C is your only option here